Christian Worldview II Vocab Week 8

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Christian Worldview II Vocab Week 8
2014-02-19 05:58:14
BTS 383

Christian Worldview II Vocab Week 8
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  1. Apostles’ Creed
    a universal statement of Christian belief developed by the 4th century, not written by the apostles but summarizes Apostolic beliefs found in the OT and NT
  2. Arianism
    the theological teaching of Arius (ca. AD 250–336) concerning the relationship of God to the Son of God, Jesus. Arius believed the Son of God was a subordinate entity to God the Father
  3. Atheism
    the rejection of belief in the existence of deities
  4. Catholic
    including or concerned with all people, universal
  5. Creed
    a formal summary of the beliefs of the Christian faith
  6. Deism
    a belief that God has set the universe in motion but does not interfere with how it runs
  7. Docetism
    an early heresy that claimed that Jesus Christ was not a real person
  8. Ecclesiology
    the study of the development, nature, structure and purpose of the Church
  9. Enlightenment
    era covering the 17th and 18th centuries wherein mankind removed itself from external authorities as the bible, the church and the state
  10. Epistemology
    a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin of how we know what we know
  11. Eschatology
    the study of the last days surrounding Christ’s second coming particularly as it relates to the restoration of all things as the consummation of Christ’s work
  12. Eucharist –
    the symbolic bread and wine eaten and drunk during Communion or The Lord’s Supper
  13. Exegesis –
    arriving at a reasonable and intended meaning of a biblical passage, while viewing the passage in its historical and grammatical context
  14. Existentialism –
    late 19th- and 20th-century belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject – I exist, therefore I am
  15. Gnosticism –
    an early Christian religious teaching that salvation comes by learning mystical truths that free humanity from the evil material world
  16. Immutability –
    God is unchanging in His nature, desire, and purpose, yet able to interact with an ever changing universe
  17. Law of Noncontradiction –
    contradictory statements cannot both be true at the same time, e.g. the two propositions "A is B" and "A is not B" are contradictory statements
  18. Logos –
    used in John 1 to refer to the Second Person of the Trinity, God the Son, who, as ‘the word’, is the creative agent of all things, a reference back to the Genesis 1 account of creation
  19. Mind –
    the set of cognitive capacities that enables consciousness, perception, thinking, judgment, memory, etc.
  20. Modalism –
    the nontrinitarian belief that the God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit are different modes or aspects of one God
  21. Modernism –
    describes those who believed the "traditional” forms of art, religious faith, social organization were becoming outdated in the new social and political conditions of an industrialized world
  22. Monism –
    theories teaching that there is only one basic substance or principle as the ground of reality
  23. Naturalism –
    an approach that rejects all spiritual and supernatural explanations of the world and holds that science is the sole basis of what can be known
  24. Objectivism (moral) –
    belief that moral truths exist independently of the individual mind or perception
  25. Miracle –
    the extraordinary use of ordinary means to accomplish an intended purpose. Jesus used these to proclaim His deity, bless mankind, and glorify God the Father
  26. Monotheism –
    the belief that there is only one God. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam embrace this belief; only Christianity’s one God is eternal, self-existent outside the created order, and triune in nature
  27. Omnipotence –
    God possesses the strength, authority, control, and presence to accomplish all His holy will, though He cannot contradict His own nature, i.e., God cannot lie
  28. Omniscience –
    God knows and comprehends all things – past, present, and future
  29. Orthodoxy –
    the idea that certain statements accurately embody the revealed truth content of Christianity and are normative for the universal Church
  30. Pragmatism –
    a philosophical view that a concept should be evaluated in terms of how it works and rather than being right or wrong
  31. Parousia –
    the doctrine that Jesus Christ, who left earth and ascended to the Father, will one day again return to earth
  32. Patristic –
    relating to the early Christian writers such as St. Augustine or St. Ambrose whose works helped to shape the Christian Church
  33. Perichoresis –
    refers to the intimate, personal relationship of the Triune God, focusing on the intimacy of the Trinitarian relationships
  34. Presupposition –
    beliefs held before considering evidence, information taken for granted or presupposed
  35. Postmodernism –
    a term for skeptical interpretations of culture, literature, art, philosophy, economics, architecture, fiction, and theology; incredulity toward meta-narratives
  36. Reason –
    the ability to think logically as a basis for knowledge, as distinct from experience or emotions
  37. Reformed –
    a theological perspective developed by John Calvin (1536) that focuses on the Doctrines of Grace as a theological framework and way of life
  38. Relativism –
    the concept that ‘points of view’ have no absolute truth or validity, having only relative value according to differences in perception
  39. Secular Humanism –
    embraces human reason, ethics, social justice and naturalism, while rejecting religion as the basis of morality and decision making
  40. Sin Nature –
    born into a state of spiritual deadness and original sin, the rebellious nature inherited from our first parents, Adam and Eve