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A body of enforceable rules governing relationships among individuals and between
individuals and their society
A document that establishes the law on a particular issue, such as a constitution, a
statute, an administrative rule, or a court decision.
Primary Source of Law
A publication that summarizes or interprets the law, such as a legal
encyclopedia, a legal treatise, or an article in a law review
Secondary Source of Law
A reference to a publication in which a legal authority – such as a statute or a
court decision- or other source can be found
A federal or state government agency created by the legislature to
perform a specific function, such as to make and enforce rules pertaining to
What do the following abbreviations of ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES stand for? FDA, FTC, SEC, FCC, OSHA
- FDA - Food and Drug Administration
- FTC - Federal Trade Commission
- SEC - Securities and Exchange Commission
- FCC - Federal Communications Commission
- OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Admin
The rules of law announced in court decisions. Case Law interprets statutes, regulations, constitutional provisions, and other case law
The body of law developed from custom or judicial decisions in English and U.S. courts, not attributable to a legislature
A court decision that furnishes an example or authority for deciding subsequent
cases involving identical or similar facts
A common law doctrine under which judges are obligated to follow the precedents
established in prior decisions
Any source of law that a court must follow when deciding a case.
Any legal authority or source of law that a court may look to for guidance but need
not follow when making its decision.
The science or philosophy of law
The oldest school of legal thought, based on the belief that the legal system should reflect universal (“higher”) moral and ethical principles that are inherent in human nature.
A school of legal thought that looks to the past to determine what the principles of
contemporary law should be.
A school of legal thought centered on the assumption that there is no law higher
than the laws created by the national government. Laws must be obeyed, even if
they are unjust, to prevent anarchy.
School of legal thought that holds that the law is only one factor to be considered when
deciding cases and that social and economic circumstances should also be taken
The branch of law dealing with the definition and enforcement of all private or
public rights, as opposed to criminal matters.
A system of law derived from Roman law that is based on codified laws (rather than one case precedents).
Civil Law System
The branch of law that defines and punishes wrongful actions committed against the public.