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The authority of a court to hear and decide a specific case.
A state statute that permits a state to exercise jurisdiction over nonresident
Long Arm Statute
The geographic district in which a legal action is tried and from which the jury is
The legal requirement that an individual must have a sufficient stake in a
controversy before he or she can bring a lawsuit.
Standing to Sue
The six state federal circuits given
Nemonics = FTP NIC
- FL - 11
- TX - 5
- PA - 3
- NY - 2
- IL - 7
- CA - 9
The process of resolving a dispute through the court system.
Statements by the plaintiff and the defendant that detail the facts, charges, and defenses
of a case.
The pleading made by a plaintiff alleging wrongdoing on the part of the defendant. When filed with a court, the complaint initiates a lawsuit.
A document informing a defendant that a legal action has been commenced against her or him and that the defendant must appear in court on a certain date to answer the plaintiff’s complaint.
A judgment entered by a court against a defendant who has failed to appear in court to
answer or defend against the plaintiff’s claim.
Procedurally, a defendant’s response to the plaintiff’s complaint.
Procedurally, a plaintiff’s response to a defendant’s answer.
A claim made by a defendant in a civil lawsuit against the plaintiff. In effect, the defendant is suing the plaintiff.
An important part of the jury selection process in which the attorneys question prospective jurors about their backgrounds, attitudes, and biases to ascertain whether they can be impartial jurors.
A written summary or statement prepared by one side in a lawsuit to explain its case to
The resolution of disputes in ways other than those involved in the traditional judicial process, such as negotiation, mediation, and arbitration.
ADR - Alternative Dispute Resolution
A process in which parties attempt to settle their dispute informally, with or without attorneys to represent them.
A method of settling disputes outside the courts by using the services of a neutral third party, who acts as a communicating agent between the parties and assists them in negotiating a settlement.
The settling of a dispute by submitting it to a disinterested third party (other than a court), who renders a decision.
A method of settling disputes by holding a trial in which the jury’s verdict is not binding but instead guides the parties toward reaching an agreement during the mandatory negotiations that immediately follow.
SJT - Summary Jury Trial
The resolution of disputes with the assistance of organizations that offer dispute-resolution services via the Internet.
ODR - Online Dispute Resolution
A writ from a higher court asking a lower court for the record of a case.
Writ of Certiorari