soc chapter 4

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Author:
lcunrod7
ID:
262825
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soc chapter 4
Updated:
2014-02-19 15:11:30
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nature nurture human diversity
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  1. what is the study of relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior
    behavior genetics
  2. what are threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes, you receive a total of 46: 23 from egg 23 from sperm
    chromosomes
  3. what is a complex molecule containing the genetic information the makes up the chromosomes
    DNA
  4. what are the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein
    genes
  5. what is the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organisms chromosomes
    genome
  6. what twins develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms
    identical twins
  7. what is the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection
    evolutionary psycholgy
  8. evolutionary psychology study the evolution of behavior and the mind, using what principles
    natural selection
  9. what is the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding in generations
    natural selection
  10. what is a random error in gene replication that leads to a change
    mutation
  11. what is the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define male and female
    gender
  12. what chromosome is found in both male and female, female have two of these and males have one,
    X chromosomes
  13. what chromosome is the sex chromosome found only in males
    Y chromosome
  14. what is the most important factor of male sex hormones
    testosterone
  15. what in males stimulate the growth of the male sex organ in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty
    testosterone
  16. what is a set of expectations about a socail position, defining how those in the position ought to behave
    role
  17. what is a set of expected behaviors for male and female
    gender role
  18. what is one's sense or being male or female
    gender identity
  19. what is the theory that we learn social behavior by  observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished
    social learning theory

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