Drama 4th Century art

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Drama 4th Century art
2014-03-02 10:42:53

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    • Krater Fragment
    • Skenografia
    • Konnakis Group
    • Found Tarentum, Italy
    • c350s

    • Like a scene painting
    • Porticoes wit double doors
    • brown for wooden frame, red for bronze door? Limestone/marble for frame?
    • Young man in pilos - traveller's hat
    • Man holding a ritual bowl

    • No masks visible
    • Monochrome outfits
    • No dominant central door
    • Compare with Epidauros - evidence to contrary
    • Which texts would call for a central door? Frogs and Bacchae have central action at a door - why would this take place off to one side?

    We can't really identify a play. Bellerophon and Pegasos are on the building as ornaments but Taplin does not consider this serious evidence for a depiction of Stheneboeia.
    • Left: Orestes at Delphi
    • Apulian Volute Krater
    • c360s
    • Black Fury Painter

    • 90cm high! A forerunner for massive Apulian Vases
    • Lively and colourful
    • White columns for temple
    • Fury: black, with white underpainting. Skilful and unusual - only one other such by Konnakis painter
    • Artemis is not in the Oresteia so unlikely she was ever plonked on stage. Perhaps she has just been placed because she is Apollo's companion. Remember it's a combination of action - probably not meant to depict a specific scene of a play. 

    In Aiskhylos the furies are asleep

    NB Attic painters painted what they remembered of what they heard.

    Had this Apulian painter seen a play of this? Or did he just know the myth?

    • Apollo is warding off the horrifying Fury.
    • Is this a comforting idea – that some gods will protect you still from terrible
    • entities from the Underworld? 

    To evoke Delphi: Ionic columns, laurel tree, tripods, offerings, omphalos stone

    • Apulian Volute Krater
    • Rhesus
    • Darius Painter
    • c. 340

    • 2-level composition, but not gods above and mortals below
    • Corpse, Diomedes' victim
    • Diomedes poised to attack
    • Rhesos is labelled, in bed w/ sceptre
    • Odysseus with 2 white horses
    • Camp fire - unusual, atmospheric
    • Athene guiding D
    • Seated grieving female ('one of the muses' - Rhesos' mother)
    • Male - horned river god, Rhesos' father was the River Strymon

    • Some say this draws on the Iliad, not a tragedy
    • Taplin suggests people who did know the tragedy could further their appreciation of the painting
    • It fits the tragedy well in terms of content
    • Odysseus has sleeves and boots, which suggest tragic costume
    • ΡΗΣΟΣ is not close to his figure like a label but up above Diomedes - title for the whole picture?
    • Left: Sicilian krater, Herakles and Auge, Manfria group
    • Seems very clearly to depict a stage performance. 
    • Stage and the steps down to the orchestra are clear. The artist has depicted comic masks with carefully extended jaw lines and grotesque expressions. 
    • Padded comic suits are clear on two figures. 
    • 'Herakles' wears a lion skin and his gait seems theatrical and exaggerated
    • The story is that she had his baby and hid it from her father Aleus as a prophecy said his grandson would overpower him
    • Maybe one old man rep is Aleus. 

    • Right: Paestan krater by Asteas
    • Another seeming depiction of a stage
    • This time is the skene depicted with two windows? 
    • Padded old man figure - a perverted old slave? 
    • Naked 'woman' doing a handstand
    • Is Dionysos there?
    • Attic votive relief
    • Piper and family
    • Marble - expensive so income from his profession obv good
    • Relief plaques, usually set on pillars in sanctuary precincts, are the commonest sculptural dedications. They may show the donor, often with his family, making a sacrifice or offering, and the deity is often shown also, at a larger size, receiving them. 
    • O course he'd dedicate to D - god of theatre! He is garlanded, and is touching perhaps a small panther or other cat,  and a stag is present. Extended hand damaged - extended for something. 
    • Female standing - a consort? Perhaps Ariadne? Artemis has been suggested, perhaps because tree and stag suggest woodland location?
    • Piper and family smaller
    • Dramatic masks up on the wall

    Aulos player accompanied performances.
    • Marble grave stele
    • Actor or poet
    • 4th BC - by this time the ban on grave stele had ended
    • He contemplates a mask and another hangs on the wall. 
    • Green says the masks are those of a slave and an old man from comedy and would have been recognisable as such. 
    • He also says that the missing left hand would have held a scroll, and argues that this calls for definition as a poet. 
    • Draped himation
    • Wanted to represent his craft? Very contemplative design
    • A passer-by would understand the image and know how he spent his life. Important choice of self-representation - he was obviously proud of what he did
    • Left:
    • Fragment of bell-krater by the Konnakis group: Actor with mask.
    • 350-340  BC
    • Apulia.
    • Stubby beard, graying hair, splendid mask (symbol of his profession), wearing kothornoi which suggests he was a tragic actor, long sleeved garment
    • Unusually characterful portrait - maybe an interest in actors - was he an early celebrity?

    • Right:Stucco panel, Herculaneum, 1st AD
    • Actor in long chiton with golden belt and mauve cloak. He holds a sceptre.
    • Romans liked to show their cultural pedigree in their wall paintings and this may suggest the home owner's desire to show that he is au fait with the theatre?
    • Roman Copy of Dionysos-Sardanopolos
    • Original c300BC
    • Heavily draped
    • Long beard - older, wiser Dionysos? 
    • Possibly held a thyrsus?
    • Compare with the below (late 1st c BC)
    • Dionysos looks similar here but is being supported by a satyr and looks drunk.
    • 3/4 Characters speaking
    • Nude athlete character saying something unintelligible, others in Attic Greek
    • Boy: tragoidos
    • Old woman: I shall hand him ver
    • Old man/slave: '_ has tied my arms up high'
    • Youth: '....' foreigner? Skythians were police in Athens, or some think it might be a spell
    • So:
    • A beating of a slave?
    • Stage, skene door
    • Old man’s posture for whipping. No rope – a
    • spell? Or it’s just the drama being shown (from what would they suspend him?)