- Pronomos Vase
- Pronomos painter
- Ruvo (Apulia)
- Chorus of 10 satyrs. Writer, piper, lyre-player. 3 actors (king, Herakles, Pappasilenos). Dionysos, Ariadne, Himeros. Victory tripods.
- Commissioned to commemorate an actual performance?
- Found in an area where many theatre-influenced vases were found. Indicative of strong interest in this region?
- Or secondhand, topical appeal faded?
Red figure technique. Added colours. This is common of S Italian vases but this one is made in ATHENS. Sold to Italian wanting to show off knowledge?
Purpose was wine-mixing. Francois vase earliest known example of this.
Athenians only used these at feasts or sanctuaries.
Dionysian celebration both inside and outside theatre.
Viewers cannot look at every figure at once. Like a play you can't assess the entire thing until you've seen it all.
Tragedy and Satyr play together?
- Could be a victory party? Explains not wearing masks. 2 tripods could indicate a win.
- Or a pre-play preparation?
- Why is the god present?
- Ideal chorus?
- Such a good performance that D himself is there?
Mask on wall. Connection with Dionysiac ritual? Rustic worship?
- the god is present twice
- tripods under each handle
One actor very richly costumed.
Problematic figure - woman? No female actresses, of course. She wears a stage costume, holding mask with a miter? A woman played by a man and painter carried away by actor's skill? But then there are too many actors.
- Chorus leader on lower half.
- Piper wears costume
- Lyre player doesn't
- Pronomos, the piper, is prominent
- Dionysos and Ariadne central.
- Tripods and columns show it is his sanctuary
And we see a chorus-member in mask, dancing
Satyr chorus sit around holding theirmasks, wearing the trunks with phallus and tail
The Herakles is almost becoming his character - he has the massive neck, cropped beard and curly hair of Herakles in Athenian vase-painting. Shows his skill as an actor? Or vase-painter just making it clear who he is playing? He conquers death. In Frogs he is the facilitator of D's journey down into Hades.
Papposilenus is sombre here: wise Silenos of myth?
- Other side:
- Dionysos and his consort Ariadne
- accompanied by leopard, satyrs
- Torches (places them in the wild)
- Thyrsus with ivy and a pine cone.
- origins?Possibly drama grew out of song. Narrative and role-playing were present within all sorts of songs
- Aristotle: chorus leader evolved into actor?
- Tragedy: dithyramb – and it survived in its own right as very high lyric
- Comedy: old fertility rituals, Satyr-play
- Pronomos Vase: cast of a satyr-play in sanctuary of Dionysos
- Primitive – men dressed as satyrs, led byPapposilenus in the furry white onesie…
Then divine or heroic actor roles came. A number of themes: chorus would do somegroup activity, sports or fighting or something, then upset the normal order, then it gets restored by the end. Meant to be funny – release after three tragedies? Not a fast rule though.
- Artificiality of comedy is depicted.
- Tragedy is not. Dramatic illusion! The myths being re-enacted are of the society’s heroic past.
- Satyrs ca520-510 grow increasingly humanand begin to adopt the above pastimes
- Culture vs Nature?