Urinary Topic3&4 Morgan

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  1. Functional unit of the kidney
  2. Consists of the glomerulus, and a glomerular capsule that encloses it
    Renal corpuscle
  3. Duct that leads away from the glomerular capsule and ends at the tip of the medullary pyramid
    Renal tubule
  4. Supplies blood to each of the nephrons
    Afferent arteriole
  5. Carries blood away from the glomerulus
    Efferent arteriole
  6. Ball of capillaries
  7. Encloses the glomerulus in a sphere like shape
    Glomerular Capsule
  8. Aka glomerular capsule
    Bowman’s capsule
  9. Arises from the glomerular capsule, longest region of the renal tubule
    Proximal convoluted tubule
  10. U shaped portion of the renal tubule, found primarily in the medulla
    Nephron loop (Loop of Henle)
  11. Very short section of the renal tubule, end of the nephron
    Distal convoluted tubule
  12. Receives fluid from the DCT of several nephrons
    Collecting duct
  13. Network of vessels that send blood to the renal medulla
    Vasa recta
  14. Network of capillaries that form around the renal tubule
    Peritubular capillary
  15. Constrict/dilate afferent arterioles, also respond to drops in blood pressure
    Juxtaglomerular cells
  16. Epithelial cells that are located at the end of the loop on the side facing the arterioles
    Macula densa
  17. Responsible for the reabsorption of sodium chloride
    Ascending limb loop of Henle
  18. End of the nephron loop where it reenters the renal cortex, the loop comes into contact with both afferent and efferent arterioles at the vascular pole of the renal corpuscle
    Juxtaglomerular apparatus
Card Set
Urinary Topic3&4 Morgan
Urinary Topic3&4 Morgan
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