Rocky Mountain Flora Study guide

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Author:
macylynn92
ID:
263185
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Rocky Mountain Flora Study guide
Updated:
2014-05-12 02:13:21
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Flower anatomy
Folders:

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Rocky Mountain Flora Flower vocab
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  1. All the sepals
    Calyx
  2. What is letter A?
    Sepal
  3. All of the petals
    Corolla
  4. What is letter B?
    Petal
  5. Consists of the calyx and the corolla
    Perianth
  6. Consists of all of the male parts of the flower
    Androecium
  7. What is A and What is B and then together what is A and B?
    • A = Anther
    • B = Filament
    • A & B = Stamen
  8. What consists of all of the Female parts of the flower?
    Gynoecium
  9. What is C, F, and G and then what are all of these parts together called?
    • C = Ovary
    • F = Style
    • G = Stigma
    • all of them together make up the Pistil
  10. What is the part called that the ovary sits on or is inside?
    Receptacle
  11. What is letter H?
    Pedicel
  12. The area where the sepals, petals, and filaments are all fused together
    Hypanthium
  13. What is the difference between an imperfect flower and an incomplete flower
    Imperfect = Missing sex whorls

    • Incomplete = missing 1 or more of the 4 whorls
    • (calyx, corolla, Androecium, Gynoecium
  14. What is a flower with bilateral symmetry
    • Zygomorphic --- AKA, Irregular
    • bilaterial
  15. what is a flower called that has radial symmetry?
    • Actinomorphic --- AKA, Regular Flower
    • radial symmertry
  16. What is it called when parts of the same whorl are fused?
    -sepal to sepal
    Connate
  17. What is it called when different whorls are fused together?
    - stamens to pistals
    - stamens to petals
    Adnate
  18. A pistil can be made of many ______?
    Carpels
  19. The spaces or chambers inside an ovary
    Locules
  20. 1 free carpel
    monocarpous
  21. 2 or more free carpels
    apocarpous
  22. 2 or more fused carpels
    syncarpous
  23. Magnoliophyta
    • Division of
    • Flowering Plants
  24. Difference between gymnosperms and Angiosperms
    • more advanced vascular anayomy
    • seed contains endosperm
    • Seeds enclosed in an ovary
    • Nymphaeaceae
    • Aquatic, simple leaves, solitary flower, many sepals, petals, stamens
    • can be apocarpous or synocarpus
  25. Difference between simple and compound leaves
    • Compound has multiple leaflets
    • simple has one body
  26. Determinate
    Oldest flower is at the top
  27. Indeterminate
    Oldest flower is at the bottom
  28. Name each level of taxonomic hierarchy.
    • Kingdom
    • Division (phylum)
    • class
    • order
    • family
    • genus
    • species
  29. Name common Pteridophyta characteristics
    • Reproduce by spores
    • require water for reproduction
    • Alternating FREE LIVING life stages (haploid and diploid)
  30. why do we not use common names
    • some plants have more than one common name
    • too many species
    • different plants have the same common name
    • some plants do not have common names
    • foreigners will not know what plant you are referring too
  31. How do you wright a proper Latin name?
    Genus species Author

    Genus capitalized / species not

    Genus and species underlined or italicized 
  32. What are the Latin roots for Division and Family?
    Division ends in – “ophyta”

    Family ends in – “aceae"
  33. Draw the life cycle of Pteridophytes
    lable:  diploid, haploid, fertilization and meiosis.
  34. Pinophyta characteristics
    • Cone bearing gymnosperm
    • Wind pollination
    • Monoecious or Dioecious
    • Most likely evergreen
    • waxy leaves: avoid water loss
  35. What is a gymnosperm
    • naked seed
    • these plants do not form flowers or true fruits
  36. What is a conifer
    plant that bears cones
  37. Difference between monoecious and dioecious
    • Monoecious:  male and female parts on same plant
    • Dioecious:  male and female parts on sperate plants
    • A:  Seed Scale
    • B:  Bract Scale
    • C: Ovule
  38. What are the 4 whorls
    • Calyx (Vegetative)
    • Corolla (Vegetative)
    • Androecium (Reproductive)
    • Gynoecium  (Reproductive)
  39. Plant division that includes flowering plants
    magnoliophyta
  40. Class that has Dicotyledons
    Magnoliopsida
  41. Dicotyledons
    pair of seed leaves
  42. endosperm
    tissue produced inside seeds and contains the embryostores nutrients for embryo
    • A: Marginal       B: Parietal
    • C: Axile            D: Axile  
    • E: Free Central  F: Free Central
    • G: Apical          H: Basal
  43. Difference between Annual, Perennial, and Biennial
    • •Annual- completes its life cycle in
    • 1 year or less
    • •Perennial- lives for more than one
    • year
    • •Biennial- takes 2 years to complete
    • life cycle
  44. Caryophyllaceae
    simple leaves w/ swollen nodesinfl = cymesepals= 5petals = 5 with "limb and claw"syncarpous with 3-5 styles
  45. Rosaceae
    • 5 sepals (sometimes with bracts and appears 10)
    • 5 petalslots of stamens
  46. Rhizomes
    Horizontal stems that are underground
  47. Stolons
    horizontal stems above ground
  48. Tubers, Corms, Bulbs
    • Storage Organs
    • NOT ROOTS!!
    • Either stems, leaves, or both
  49. Nymphaceae
    • Aquatic Herbs with rhizomes
    • simple leaves with long petioles
    • many sepals, petals, and stamens
  50. Rununculaceae
    • •Habit- perennial herbs
    • •LVS- alt or basal; simple or
    • compound
    • •INFL- various
    • •Ca- 0 or 5 or many
    • •Co- 0 or 5 or many
    • •A- many
    • •G- 3 to many superior, unfused
    • pistils (usu)
    • •Fruit- usu achene or
    • follicle
  51. Caprifoliaceae
    • Opposite leaves
    • 5 petals and sepals
  52. Ericaceae
    • urned shaped inflorecent
    • 5 petals and sepals
  53. Catkin
    Spike or raceme of unisex flowers without petals
  54. two specialized capsules for brassicaceae
    Silicle and Silique
  55. weed
    An unwanted plant
  56. Native Species
    In North America prior to European Contact
  57. What influences plant distribution (6)
    • climate
    • soils
    • herbivores
    • competition with other plants
    • History (Glaciation, etc.)
    • dispersal
  58. Invasive
    A non-native plant that grows to the exclusion of other plants
  59. Naturalized
    A non-native plant that establishes in an introduced rate and continues to exist without human intervantion
  60. Noxious Weed
    A legal category of introduced plantsDesignated in MT every 2 yearsplant must cause economic or ecological harmmust be controlled once designated
  61. capsul
    breaks along more than 2 suturesr
  62. Fabaceae
    Draw flower
    • Pea, Bean, Legume family
    • flowers have banner, wings, and Keel
    • tendrils are common
    • 10 or 9 fussed stamens, one free
    • LEGUMES
  63. label these parts:
    • Head • Receptacle • Bracts/involucre • Ray floret • Disc floret • Ligule • Pappus
  64. What are some plants of Apieaceae?
    Carrots, parsley, dill, cilantro, etc.
  65. Carryophyllaceae characteristics
    • simple opposite leaves with SWOLLEN NODES
    • 5 sepals and petals with LIMB AND CLAW
  66. Liliopsida
    • are monocots
    • 1 seed leaf
    • parallel venation in leaves
    • vascular bundles scattered
    • fibrous roots
    • pollen has 1 opening 
    • flowers in 3s
    • NEVER produce wood
  67. Iridaceae
    • Habit- perennial herbs, from a bulb/corm
    • • LVS- linear, simple EQUITANT
    • • Infl- various
    • • Ca- 3, showy
    • • Co- 3 showy
    • • A- 3 united below
    • • G- 3, inferior petal-like style
    • • Frt- capsule
  68. Orchidaceae Characteristics
    • • Habit- perennial herbs
    • • LVS- linear, simple
    • • Infl- various
    • • Ca- 3 sepals (often petal-like)
    • • Co- 3 petals: 2 + a lip
    • • A- 1 stamen, fused to style = “column”
    • • G- inferior, style fused to stamen
    • • Frt-capsule with tiny seeds
  69. Threats to grassland
    • Development for cities and suburbs
    • • Plowing for ag production
    • • Invasive species
    • • Conversion to non-native species
  70. Spikelet • Glume • Palea • Lemma • floret
    • Spikelet is floret
    • lemma = lower one-- may be wrong on this pic
  71. native grasses of Missoula
    • Agropyron spicatum (Blue bunch wheat grass)
    • Koelaria macrantha (Prairie Junegrass)
    • Festuca campestris (syn. F scabrella) (Rough fescue)
    • Festuce idahoensis (Idaho fescue)
  72. Introduced grasses of Missoula VAlley
    • Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)
    • Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass)
    • Bromus inermis (smooth brome)
  73. Differences between Poaceae, Cyperaceae, and Juncaceae
    • Cyperaceae and Juncaeae usually wet areas

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