Psych 250 Lecture 8/9

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Author:
hchristensen
ID:
263197
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Psych 250 Lecture 8/9
Updated:
2014-02-21 13:26:50
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Psych 250
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Psych 250
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Questions from Psych 250 Lecture 8/9 for Exam 2
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  1. What is the term for a child's insistence that a particular experience occur in an exact sequence and manner?
    "just-so" phenomenon
  2. What part of the brain myelinates rapidly from 2-6 years leading to more efficient communication between hemispheres?
    corpus callosum
  3. What is the term for the specialization of certain functions by each side of the brain?
    lateralization
  4. What is the term for the part of the brain that is crucial for expression and regulation of emotions?
    limbic system
  5. What part of the brain regulates emotions like fear and anxiety?
    amygdala
  6. What part of the brain controls memory and location?
    hippocampus
  7. What part of the brain responds to the amygdala and hippocampus to produce hormones that activate other parts of the brain and body?
    hypothalamus
  8. What is the term for the tendency to focus on one aspect of a situation to the exclusion of others?
    centration
  9. What is the term for the inability to consider another person's point of view? (is a form of centration)
    egocentrism
  10. What is the term for the assumption that the world is unchanging?
    static reasoning
  11. What is the term for the inability to mentally reverse a series of steps?
    irreversibility
  12. What is the term for the fact that physical traits of objects remain the same despite changes in appearance?
    conservation
  13. What is the term for a child whose cognition is directed by more knowledgeable members of society?
    apprentice in thinking
  14. What is the term for the process by which children learn from others who guide their experiences?
    guided participation
  15. What is the term for sensitive structuring of the learning experience?
    scaffolding
  16. What is the term for internal dialogue that helps develop new ideas and solve problems? (young children do this out loud)
    private speech
  17. What is the term for a person's theory of what other people might be thinking?
    theory of mind
  18. What is the term for a speedy and imprecise way in which children learn new words by mentally charting them into categories?
    fast mapping
  19. What is the term for applying grammar rules even when exceptions occur?
    overregularization

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