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What is personality? How do we define it?
Sum total of ways in which individual reacts to and interacts with others (black box)
How does heredity influence personality
Yes – temperament, reflexes, energy level, intelligence
What are the dimensions of the Big 5 model
Conscientiousness – follow through on commitments
Agreeableness – high performance in teams
Which of the Big 5 traits is most strongly related to GPA
BIG 5 - Which of the Big 5 traits is most strongly related to life satisfaction and low levels of stress
BIG 5 - Which one is most associated with leadership emergence
Which Big 5 trait is associated with being chosen for companionship
- “ends justify means"
- tendency to manipulate others and maintain emotional distance
a person who has a grandiose sense of self-importance, requires excessive admiration, has a sense of entitlement, and is arrogant. Evidence suggests that narcissists are more charismatic and thus more likely to emerge as leaders
behavioral sensitivity to external cues (high) vs. maintaining values that are true to oneself (low)
behavioral initiative (Donald Trump)
What is the Vocational Preference Inventory
- 160 job titles. Respondents check off the ones they like
- Evidence: people in jobs congruent with personality are more satisfied
Occupational personality types
Realistic – physical activities that require skill, strength, coordination
Artistic – prefer ambiguous, unsystematic activities that allow creativity
Investigative – prefer activities with thinking, organizing, understanding
Social – prefer helping and developing others
Enterprising – prefer verbal activities, opportunities to influence and gain power
Conventional – prefer rules, orderly, unambiguous
Understand the 5 dimensions of culture identified by Geert Hofstede
Power distance – high power distance means people accept authority, rigid social structure (e.g. caste system).
Masculinity/Femininity – high femininity = men and women do same work
Uncertainty avoidance = lower tolerance for risk, ambiguity; use laws to control ambiguity
Long-term vs. short term orientation. Long-term = traditional values, saving for future