Amino Acids

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  1. Glu
    Glutamate - E

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    • -negatively charged (acidic)
    • -hydrophilic
    • -polar
    • -pKa: 4.1
  2. Ala
    Alanine - A

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    • -non-polar,¬†aliphatic
    • -hydrophobic
  3. Gly
    Glycine - G

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    • -non-polar,¬†aliphatic
    • -hydrophilic
    • -resides in right turns
  4. Pro
    Proline - P

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    • -non-polar, aliphatic
    • -hydrophilic
    • -kinks in alpha helix
  5. Val
    Valine - V

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    • -non-polar, aliphatic
    • -hydrophobic
    • -bulky, NOT in a-helices; primarily in b-sheets
  6. Leu
    Leucine - L

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    • -non-polar, aliphatic
    • -hydrophobic
  7. Ile
    Isoleucine - I

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    • -non-polar, aliphatic
    • -hydrophobic
    • -bulky, no a-helix found in b-sheets
  8. Met
    Methionine - M

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    • -non-polar, aliphatic
    • -hydrophobic
    • -metal binding
  9. Phe
    Phenylalanine - F

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    • -aromatic
    • -hydrophobic
  10. Tyr
    Tyrosine - Y

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    • -aromatic
    • -hydrophilic
  11. Trp
    Tryptophan - W

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    • -aromatic
    • -hydrophobic
  12. Ser
    Serine - S

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    • -polar, uncharged
    • -hydrophilic
  13. Thr
    Threonine - T

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    • -polar, uncharged
    • -hydrophilic
  14. Cys
    Cysteine - C

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    • -polar, uncharged
    • -hydrophobic
    • -disulfide bonds
  15. Asn
    Asparagine - N

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    • -polar, uncharged
    • -hydrophilic
    • -pKa = 3.6
  16. Gln
    Glutamine - Q

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    • -polar, uncharged
    • -hydrophilic
  17. Lys
    Lysine - K

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    • -Positively charged (basic)
    • -hydrophilic
    • -pKa = 10.8
  18. His
    Histidine - H

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    • -positively charged (basic)
    • -hydrophilic
    • -pKa = 6.1
  19. Arg
    Arginine - R

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    • -positively charged (basic)
    • -hydrophilic
    • -pKa = 12.5
  20. Asp
    Aspartate - D

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    • -negatively charged (acid)
    • -hydrophilic
    • -pKa = 3.6
Author
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263357
Card Set
Amino Acids
Description
Amino Acids Properties and Names
Updated
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