Lab Book: Skeleton

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Morgan_001
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263392
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Lab Book: Skeleton
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2014-02-22 21:06:03
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skeleton
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definitions from the grey boxes in the lab book
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  1. cribriform plate
    roof of the nasal cavity. contains foramina that allow the olfactory nerves to pass from the nose to the brain
  2. ethmoid sinus (labyrinth)
    cavity within the bone that is lined with mucosa and open to the exterior. it lightens the skull and alters vocal quality
  3. frontal sinus
    cavity within the bone that is lined with mucosa and open to the exterior. it lightens the skull and alters the vocal quality
  4. foramen magnum
    foramen through which the spinal cord passes  to connect with the brain
  5. hypoglossal canal
    openings through which the hypoglossal nerves pass. The hypoglossal nerves carry signals to and from the tongue
  6. occipital condyle
    articular surface between the occipital bone and the atlas vertebra
  7. foramen ovale
    opening through which a branch of the trigeminal nerve passes. this branch of the trigeminal nerve carries sensory and motor stimuli to the jaw
  8. foramen rotundum
    opening through which a branch of the trigeminal nerve passes. this branch of the trigeminal nerve carries sensory input from the face
  9. foramen spinosum
    opening through which blood vessels pass that feed membranes surrounding the CNS
  10. optic canals
    openings through which the optic nerves pass. the optic nerves transmit visual stimuli
  11. sella turcica
    structure that holds the pituitary gland
  12. sphenoid sinus
    cavity within the bone that is lined with mucosa and open to the exterior. it lightens the skull and alters vocal quality
  13. superior orbital fissure
    opening through which the oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, and abducens nerves pass. most of these nerves enable movement of the eyes
  14. carotid canal
    canal through which the internal carotid arteries pass. the internal carotid arteries supply the majority of the blood to the brain
  15. external acoustic meatus
    opening through which sound travels on its way to the middle ear
  16. internal acoustic meatus
    opening through which the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves pass. the facial nerves transmit nerve impulses to and from facial muscles and glands, and parts of tongue. the vestibulocochlear nerve carries auditory and orientation information to the brain
  17. jugular foramen
    opening on the occipitomastoid suture through which the internal jugular veins travel as they carry the majority of the blood from the brain back to toward the heart
  18. mandibular fossa
    articulates with the mandibular condyle of the mandible to form the temporomandibular joint
  19. mastoid process
    attachment point for the sternocleidomastoid muscle of the neck
  20. styloid process
    attachment point for several neck and tongue muscles
  21. stylomastoid foramen
    opening through which the facial nerve passes. the facial nerves transmit nerve impulses to and from the facial muscles, glands, and parts of tongue
  22. zygomatic process
    attachment point for the masseter muscle that is important in jaw movement. articulates with the temporal process of the zygomatic bone to form the zygomatic arch
  23. coronal suture
    joint between the parietal and frontal bones
  24. lambdoid suture
    joint between the parietal and occipital bones
  25. sagittal suture
    joint between the parietal bones
  26. squamous suture
    joint between the parietal and temporal bones
  27. inferior nasal conchae
    increase the surface area of the nasal cavity (along with the superior and middle nasal conchae of the ethmoid bone), thus enhancing the ability to moisten and warm the air entering the respiratory system
  28. coronoid process
    insertion for the temporal is muscle that is important in elevating the mandible
  29. mandibular condyle (condylar process)
    articulates with the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone
  30. maxillary sinus
    cavity within the bone that is lined with mucosa and open to the exterior. it lightens the skull and alters vocal quality
  31. hyoid
    provides an attachment point for muscles associated with the movement of the tongue and with swallowing
  32. Vertebral Column
    • Cervical vertebrae (C1-C7)
    •       Atlas 
    •       Axis 
    • Thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12)
    • Lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5)
    • Sacrum 
    • Coccyx
  33. Vertebral Markings
    • Transverse foramen 
    • Vertebral foramen 
    • Spinous process
    • Transverse process 
    • Vertebral body
  34. Thoracic cage
    • Sternum 
    •      Manubrium 
    •      Body
    •      Xiphoid process
    • True ribs 
    •      Vertebrosternal ribs (1-7)
    • False ribs 
    •      Vertebrochondral ribs (8-10)
    •      Vertebral (floating) ribs (11-12)
  35. Acromion
    attachment point for ligaments of the shoulder joint and the deltoid and trapezius muscles
  36. coracoid process
    attachment point for ligaments of the shoulder joint and the pectorals minor and biceps brachii muscles
  37. glenoid cavity
    structure that articulates with the head of the humerus
  38. spine (scapula)
    attachment point for the deltoid and trapezius muscles
  39. Head (humerus)
    structure that articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula
  40. greater tubercle (humerus)
    attachment point for ligaments of the shoulder and the infraspinatus muscle
  41. lesser tubercle (humerus)
    attachment point for ligaments and muscles of the shoulder and arms
  42. intertubercular sulcus (humerus)
    attachment point for the trees major, latissimus dorsi, and pectorals major muscles
  43. deltoid tuberosity
    attachment point for the deltoid muscle
  44. lateral epicondyle (humerus)
    attachment point for ligaments of the elbow and for the extensor carpi ulnaris muscle
  45. medial epicondyle (humerus)
    attachment point for ligaments of the elbow and the flexor carpi radialis and flexor carpi ulnaris muscles
  46. coronoid fossa (humerus)
    depression in which the coronoid process of the ulna sits when the forearm is flexed
  47. olecranon fossa
    depression in which the olecranon process of the ulna sits when the forearm is extended
  48. trochlea
    structure that articulates with the throchlear notch of the olecranon process on the ulna
  49. capitulum
    structure that articulates with the head of the radius
  50. radial tuberosity
    attachment point for the biceps brachii muscle
  51. styloid process
    attachment point for ligaments of the wrist
  52. trochlear notch
    structure that articulates with the trochlea of the humerus
  53. coronoid process
    attachment point for the brachialis muscle
  54. olecranon
    attachment point for the triceps brachii muscle
  55. radial notch
    structure that articulates with the head of the radius
  56. styloid process
    attachment point for ligaments of the wrist
  57. 8 carpals
    • scaphoid 
    • trapezium 
    • lunate 
    • trapezoid 
    • triquetrum 
    • capitate 
    • pisiform 
    • hamate
  58. os coxae
    hip bone that is formed by the fusion of the ilium, ischium, and pubis
  59. acetabulum
    structure that articulates with the head of the femur. extends onto ishium and pubis (is a part of all 3 bones of the pelvis)
  60. auricular surface
    structure that articulates with the sacrum
  61. iliac crest
    attachment point for muscles of the torso and legs including the internal oblique, transversus abdominis, and tensor fasciae latae muscles
  62. pubic symphysis
    fibrocartilage articulation between the pubis bone
  63. head
    structure that articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvis
  64. neck
    connects the head to the rest of the femur
  65. greater trochanter
    attachment point for ligaments of the thigh and the glues medius muscle
  66. lesser trochanter
    attachment point for muscles
  67. linea aspera
    attachment point for the biceps femoris muscle
  68. lateral epicondyle
    attachment point for ligaments of the knee
  69. medial epicondyle
    attachment point for ligaments of the knee
  70. lateral condyle
    structure that articulates with tibia
  71. medial condyle
    structure that articulates with the tibia
  72. lateral condyle
    articulating structure. attachment point for ligaments of the knee and the biceps femoris muscle
  73. medial condyle
    articulating structure. attachment point for ligaments of the knee and the semimembranosus muscle
  74. tibial tuberosity
    attachment point for the quadriceps femoris muscles via the patellar ligament of the knee
  75. medial malleolus
    attachment point for ligaments of the ankle
  76. lateral malleolus
    attachment point for ligaments of the ankle
  77. 7 tarsals
    • talus 
    • calcaneus 
    • navicular 
    • medial cuneiform 
    • intermediate cuneiform 
    • lateral cuneiform 
    • cuboid

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