1150-1200 - Devotional image from painted wood placed on altar meant to inspire prayer.
- If turned into a reliquary, it was more
acceptable due to iconoclasm.
Christian images designed as aids for prayer or contemplation.
Bayeux Tapestry, Anonymous, c.1066-1082
Named after city and commissioned by Bishop Odo (brother in law of William the Conqueror) for the interior of Church in Bayeux, France.
It is actually an embroidery
Subject is The Battle of Hastings c.1066 when William became king of England
sen image with wool yarn on linen
Battle of Hastings
Normans vs the Saxons
South Portal and Porch--Christ in Majesty, Priory Church of Saint-Pierre, Anonymous, c. 1115
A church that is associated with a monastery or convent.
Cathedral Complex at Pisa
Made up of 4 separate detached complexes (Cathedral, Baptistry, Campanile [Bell Tower], and Walled Cemetery)
At the time, Pisa was economically successful due to their access to water. They had mercenary fighters that they rented out during the crusades.
Decided to display their devotion to God using their new wealth
Cathedral of Pisa, Busketos [Master Builder], c. 1063
Round arches, altar facing East toward Holy Land
Shows Classical art connection
Baptistry of Pisa, Diotisalvi, c. 1153
Baptismal cleansing that harks back to St. John and Jesus' baptism.
Also goes back to Panthenon and Roman baths (circular and domed structures).
Campanile (bell tower) of Pisa, Bonanno Pisano, c. 1174-1350
Leaning tower of Pisa
Started sinking during construction
Had to be stabilized and if it was straightened, would have collapsed.
Campo Santo, Giovanni di Simone, 13th c.
Earth placed in walls came from Calvary Hill where Christ was crucified.
San Giovanni Baptistry (in Florence), Lorenzo Ghiberti, c. 1060-1150
In the heart of Florence
You were not a true Florentine unless you were Baptized here
Italian poet Dante and the Medici family were baptized here.
Golden age of Cathedral architecture
age of the emergence of cities as we know them, such as Paris
More windows to allow more light to come inside
Flying buttresses, stained glass windows, less masonry but more support.
Abbey Church of Saint-Denis, William of Sens, c. 1140-1144
Location of the remains of the first bishop of Paris who was martyred via beheading, as well as other kings and queens of France.
Abbot Suger called for total renovation to allow more windows and light.
A theorist behind what becomes known as the Gothic style.
Area of a church that is east of the transept.
An arch with a pointed crown.
Glass that has been coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture.
Cathedral of Notre Dame at Chartres (Chartres Cathedral), Anonymous, c. 1134-1220
1194 - fire damaged significant portion of church, but holy relic (cloth of Virgin Mary) remained unscathed, so they rebuilt.
Early Gothic - pre-fire, right tower
Mature Gothic - post-fire, left tower
Basillica Floor plan
A side post or surface of a doorway, window, or fireplace.
Royal Portal at Chartres Cathedral, West façade, Anonymous, c. 1145-1155
Abbot Suger wanted to connect the Old Testament and the New Testament traditions.
Right - Madonna & Child
Center - Christ in Majesty
Left - Ascension of Christ
Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris, Anonymous, c. 1163-1270's
Church was extensively damaged in 1790 French Revolution
Religious Figures misunderstood to be actual French monarchy
Extensively restored in the 1800's
West Façade, Cathedral of Notre Dame at Reims (Reims Cathedral), Jean d'Orbais, Jean le Loup, and Gaucher of Reims, c. 1211-1260
Directly influenced by Chartres Cathedral
Every known plant indiginous to france was incorporated into the design of the decoration
Rose window = Virgin Mary
Had sculptures of the Annunciation and the Visitation
Annunciation and Visitation from Reims Cathedral, Anonymous, c. 1230-1255
Annunciation: Left side, the angel Gabriel announces to the Virgin Mary that she is going to give birth to Christ.
Visitation: Right side, after she found out that she is pregnant with the Christ child, Mary visits her cousin, Elizabeth, to tell her. Elizabeth is 6 months pregnant with St. John the baptist. When Mary tells Elizabeth her news, for the first time, Elizabeth feels the baby move, showing John acknowledging Christ child.
Sainte-Chapelle, Anonymous, c. 1239-1248
Small sanctuary space, interior is like a reliquary
King Louis IX brought back relics from the crusades (crown of thorns, piece of the cross, metal tip from lance, sponge of vinegar)
Holofernes' Army Crossing the Euphrates River, Anonymous, c. 1245