Art History II Exam 1C

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mhirsh
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Art History II Exam 1C
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2014-02-25 21:09:22
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Art History II Exam 1C
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  1. Proto-Renaissance Style
    • c. 1250-1400
    • Pertaining to sculpture and painting done by Italians.
    • The term looks to the future rather than Late Gothic
    • Style anticipates eventual Renaissance age with Classical influences and the "rebirth of civilization"
    • idea of humanism, still a Christian-dominated society, but more humanistic approach to religious story-telling.
    • Rome becomes a wasteland when Papacy moves to Avignon, France (Great Western Schism)
  2. Humanism
    The admiration for man's achievements.
    • Pulpit for Pisa Baptistry, N. Pisano, c. 1259-1260
    • Marbel carved, decoration for inside structure.
    • Large, rectangular relief panels represent varuous religious stories such as the Nativity
    • Nativity panel with Annunciation and Adoration of the Shepherds from the pilpit, N. Pisano, c. 1259-1260
    • Mary is large dominant figure as well as the Christ child. The cleaning of the baby Jesus is an indication of baptism
    • Basin looks like a baptismal basin
    • The annunciation subject is behind (to three shephards, honors the common man. Pisano looked at sculptures from past of early Christian sculpture and sarcophagus sculptures.
    • Virgin and Child EnthronedCimabue, c. 1280
    • Mary looking out toward viewer while gesturing towards Jesus as the path to salvation.
    • Jesus blessing with peace. 
    • Came from Byzantine icon paintings 
    • Gold is important color in Byzantine art for background and highlights.
    • Virgin and Child in Majesty, Duccio, c. 1308-1311. 
    • From the Maesta Altarpiece. 
    • Altar pieces become huge in size.
    • Remained on altar piece until 1570's. 
    • Duccio signed painting on strip on chair right below Mary (lower center).
  3. Predella
    Panels below the main front panels of an altar piecel.
    • Virgin and Child Enthroned, Giotto, c. 1305-1310
    • For church in Florence, showing full-bodied figures. 
    • Giotto was a master of depicting three-dimensionality on a flat surface.
    • Mary is holding Jesus moreso than displaying him. 
    • Giotto relied less on icon formula and moreso on an actual model, as well as painting illusionistic similar to ancient Roman frescos.
    • Arena (Scrovegni) Chapel, Giotto, c. 1305-1306
    • Giotto commission from private family of the Scrovegni's on March 25, 1305, consecrated
    • Giotto revived the art of Fresco painting
    • Free-Standing chapel
    • Interior surfaces are ideal for fresco painting
    • Main subject over altar = annunciation
    • The Lamentation, Giotto, Proto-Renaissance, c. 1250-1400
    • Mary is coming down for final kiss
    • Dead tree in back, different from living tree in "Lazarus" image
    • The Raising of Lazarus, Giotto, Proto-Reinaissance, c. 1250-1400
    • Anticipates Christ's own resurrection.
    • Three-Dimentionality and volume is demonstrated.
  4. Kiss of Judas, Giotto, Proto-Reinaissance, c. 1250-1400
    • Annunciation and Saints, Martini and Memmi, Proto-Renaissance, c. 1250-1400
    • For altar piece in Cathedral of Sienna 
    • Gabriel has just arrived.
    • White lilies = Mary's purity
    • Plaid was Sienna's export
    • Byzantine Gold
    • Life of St. John the Baptist, Andrea Pisano, Proto-Renaissance, c. 1250-1400
    • Commissioned by caretakers who felt that this building (San Giovanni) should be bedazzled
    • 14 subjects (28 subjects in all, framed by quatrafoil design motif and 4 leafed design relief sculpture.
    • Birth of the Virgin, Pietro Lorenzetti, Proto-Renaissance, c. 1250-1400
    • Most sophisticated representation of Space 
    • Men waiting in far left of a different room. 
    • Altar piece.
  5. Bubonic Plague
    c. 1348
    • Enthroned Christ with Saints, Orcagna, Proto-Renaissance, c. 1250 - 1400
    • Previous imagery is fully in response to Bubonic plague, making patriarchy the main focus again. 
    • Severity of Jesus keeping watch on you.

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