Government Chapter 2

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Government Chapter 2
2014-02-23 18:08:31
Government Chapter
Government Chapter 2
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  1. Local governments with ordered positions such as sheriff coroner, etc.; based on governments in England
    Ordered Government
  2. Ruled directly by the English monarchy
    Royal Colony
  3. Mostly self-governed
    Charter Colony
  4. Formation of the New England Confederation, the Albany Plan, and the Stamp Act Congress
    Early Colonial attempts at Unity
  5. Plan of government adopted by the Continental Congress after the American Revolution; established "a league of friendship" among the States, but allowed few important powers to the central government
    Articles of Confederation
  6. An agreement at the Constitutional Convention to count a slave as three-fifths of a person when determining the population of a state
    Three-Fifths Compromise
  7. Sources of writing from Greece, Rome, Great Britain, and Europe. Many ideas came from the Second Continental Congress, Articles of Confederation, and state governments/constitutions
    Sources of ideas for Constitution
  8. established seperately
    Origins of 13 colonies
  9. Interested in the colonies trade
    Parliament's interest in the colonies
  10. Imposed many new laws and taxes on the colonists
    King George the Third
  11. Name that Americans gave to the British laws placed upon them after the Boston Tea Party
    Intolerable Acts
  12. Created during the Revolution; the nation's  1st national government; served as the 1st government for 5 years from the time the Declaration was signed up until the Articles went into effect; was a unicameral Congress
    Second Continental Congress
  13. the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of government
  14. Collection of 85 essays supporting the Constitution written by Hamilton, Madison, and John Jay; remarkable campaign document
    The Federalist
  15. An agreement during the Constitutional Convention protecting slave holders; denied Congress the power to tax the export of goods from any state, and, for 20 years, the power to act on slave trade
    Commerce & Slave Trade Compromise
  16. 55 delegates attended the Constitution; the meeting in Philadelphia became known as...
    Constitutional Convention
  17. refusal to buy certain goods or services
  18. Basic principle of American Government which states that government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has rights the government cannot take away
    Limited Government
  19. System of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by the voters and held accountable in periodic elections
    Representative Government
  20. Prepared by Parliament  and signed by King Charles I of England in 1628; challenged the ideas of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land
    Petition of Right
  21. Designed to prevent abuse of power by English monarchs; forms the basis for much in American government and politics today
    English Bill of Rights
  22. A city's basic law, its constitution; a written grant of authority from the king
  23. An adjective describing a legislative body composed of 2 chambers
  24. Organized by a proprietor (A person to whom the king had made a grant of land)
  25. Basic principle of the American System government which asserts that the people are the source of any and all governmental power, and the government can exist only with the consent of the governed
    Popular Sovereignty
  26. Plan presented by delegates from Virginia at the Constitutional Convention; called for a 3 branch government with a bicameral legislature in which each State's membership would be determined by its population or its financial support for central government
    Virginia Plan
  27. Plan presented as an alternative to the Virginia Plan at the Constitutional Convention; called for a unicameral legislature in which each state would be equally represented
    New Jersey Plan
  28. Agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based on a State's population
    Connecticut Compromise
  29. An adjective describing a legislative body with one chamber
  30. Those persons who supported the ratification of the Constitution
  31. Those persons who opposed the ratification of the Constitution
  32. Group of delegates who drafted the U.S. Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention
  33. Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
  34. Great Charter forced upon King John of England by his barons in 1215; established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility
    Magna Carta