Judgment liens' protection against prior and subsequent interests in the property
Creditors are protected only against claims that arise after
a judgment lien against the debtor is recorded.
B purchased Blackacre from A, but does not record the deed. C, a creditor of A, not knowing of the deed to B, then recorded a judgment lien against Blackacre. A judicial sale of Blackacre was scheduled. A then sold Blackacre to D, who promptly recorded the deed.
- C is protected against D’s claim because D purchased after C recorded the judgment lien.
- C is not protected against B’s unrecorded interest.
NY: Judgment liens on real property last 10 years and can be extended; money judgments are effective for 20 years.