Hearing Screenings

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  1. why do we do screenings?
    • conducted on groups of people who might not know they have a hearing problem
    • people who are unable or reluctant to seek professional services
    • there is a significant probability of finding those with the disorder
    • the disorder is considered to be important enough to identify in the larger pop
  2. what makes an effective hearing/screening program
    • target subpops using efficient and cost-effective methods
    • identify people with potential hearing problems
    • have options for follow up measures
  3. what should hearing screenings involve
    • pas/fail measures
    • pass=those who most likely do not have a hearing loss
    • fail=those who may possibly have a hearing loss
  4. in order for screenings to be effective they must have good...
    • reliability-similar results each time
    • validity-identifies what is intended
  5. universal and targeted screenings
    • universal=applied to a relatively large pop
    • targeted=more cost effective approach, higher prevalence rate
  6. screening for high risk infants
    • targeted hearing screening
    •     -this focuses on a subpop
    • advocated since the early 1970s
    • uses high-risk register developed by joint commission on Infant Hearing (JCIH)
    • May fall short in identifying infants with hearing loss
  7. What are some risk factors for congenital deafness
    • family history of deafness
    • congenital perinatal TORCH infection (has to do with heart and resp and pulmunary etc, high risk kids)
    • malformation of pinna, ear canal etc
    • birth weight less than 1500 g
    • jaundice
    • bacterial meningitis
  8. universal hearing screenings
    what is done in these screenings
    • used for all infants due to development of more cost effective and valid screening measures
    •     -abr
    •     -oae
    • involve the collaboration of many professionals
    •     -physicians
    •     -nurses
    •     -audiologists
    •     -trained screeners
  9. why are all newborns screened
    so we can identify, diagnose and treat
  10. comprehensive hearing screening program
    • initial screening-at birth
    • follow up screening-at birth or within 1 month
    • diagnostic testing for those that fail-by 3 months
    • initiation of treatment for those confirmed to have a hearing loss-by 6 months of age
    • those who pass initial screening should have follow up between 24 and 30 months
  11. hearing screening for school age children
    • has been around for 50 years
    • one of the earliest health screenings in the us
    • must have cooperation of all school presonnel
    • if fail initial screening need to be rescreened
    • if fail 2nd screening need ot be referred for a complete audiological evaluation
    • 1, 2, 4 and if quiet 5
    • start at 20 db with general pop but not with sped students
  12. screenings are recommended for all
    • preschoolers
    • kinders through 3rd
    • 7th and 11th graders
    • if there is a concern about hearing, speech and language or learning
  13. hearing screening for adults
    • screened through otoscopy, audiometry, and tympanometry
    • often screened through questionnaires
    •     -self assessment
    •         -communication abilities
    •         -hearing abilities
    • conduct at senior centers or health fairs
    • usually at 1, 2, 4 hz
  14. screening outcomes
    • separates those with high prob of hearing loss
    • validates those who need a referral for a diagnostic audiological evaluation
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Hearing Screenings
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