Ethics - Cultural Relativism
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What is the basic argument of Cultural Relativism?
Different societies have different moral codes.
(The Callatians ate their dead fathers, the Greeks burned their dead. Each culture found the others to be repulsive.)
What are three consequences to the theory of cultural relativism, according to Rachels?
- We could no longer say that other cultures customs are morally inferior.
- We could no longer criticize the moral code of our own society.
- Moral progress is called into doubt; is there moral progress?
From Rachel's perspective, is there a culture-independent standard of right and wrong?
Yes. All cultures value happiness. Does the practice promote or hinder the welfare of the people affected by it?
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