Ethics - Subjectivism
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What is the basic argument of Ethical Subjectivism?
Moral opinions are based on feeling. There is no moral objectivity, only subjectivity. And there are no moral facts.
Explain the distinction between first order and second order moral views that Mackie makes in his essay "The Subjectivity of Values".
- First order values are about taking a stand.
- Second order values are about discussing the nature of moral thinking.
List the three possible answers that Rachels gives to the question, "Are there moral facts?"
- There are moral facts.
- Our values are nothing more than the expression of our subjective feelings.
- Moral truths are the truth of reason.
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