Philosophy Kant Chapter 2

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Philosophy Kant Chapter 2
2014-02-24 19:30:55
Kant philosophy ethics

Kant ethics chapter 2
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  1. Look at different examples 
    Ex 1
    • Moral principle within those that makes moral
    • Moral principle isn't derived from those examples
  2. Two types of imperatives
    hypothetical and categorical
  3. Hypothetical imperative
    • desired outcome/goal (bring about end desire)
    • If ___ then ___ = structure
    • ie if I want to be a good piano player, then I must practice (only applies to piano players
  4. Categorical Imparetive
    • Duty in itself
    • necessary no matter what for ALL and good within itself
  5. Categorical Imperatives 2 parts
    • Formula of Universal Law
    • Formula of Humanity
  6. Formula of universal law

    • necessary w/o personal input, obligatory
    • 1. ourselves (don't kill yourself)
    • 2. others (don't lie)
  7. formula of universal law

    • necessary but can have personal input
    • 3. ourselves (develop your talents)
    • 4. others (help others)

    can't help everyone but use personal impute to decide who to help
  8. lying and categorical imperative
    when you universalize lying, it becomes impossible and purpose you have in lying is contradicting and inconsistent (ie promise to return money)
  9. Formula of humanity
    when violate this formula, you take away their right to choose/take away their choice
  10. formula of humanity states
    Act in such a way that you treat humanity (being/rational) always that the same time as an end (subject, self ruled), never merely (just/only) as a means
  11. formula of universal law states
    act only on maxim by which you can at the same will that it should become a universal law
  12. why is lying so bad?
    • 1. when I lie to a person, that person doesn't agree to how they're being treated b/c they don't know
    • 2. that person doesn't share the end of action
  13. false promise = treating like ATM
    the word promise is like the PIN
  14. Kingdom of Ends (thought experiment)
    • Ideal Community 
    • systematic union of rational beings guided by the moral law 
    • members are both sovereign (make rules) and subject (follows rules)
  15. key to remember in kingdom of ends
    if something can be willed in the kingdom of ends, it is MORAL b/c you had to follow the rules you make
  16. In kingdom, something either has dignity or price
    • dignity - CAN'T be replaced
    • price - it CAN be replaced
  17. Why humans have dignity?
    b/c we have autonomy

    • something is moral if it is compatible with autonomy 
    • something is immoral if it violates autonomy
  18. Heteronomy and Autonomy
    • Heteronomy - ruled by anything OTHER than reason (ie feelings, what others say, etc)
    • Autonomy - govered by REASON