The one who talks to the reader. The speaker's attitude can be the key to understanding a poem's meaning.
Uses creative comparisons to help readers picture ordinary items in new ways. Types include simile, metaphor, and idioms.
Comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as". Example: He fights like a lion.
Comparison of two unlike things not using "like" or "as". Example: All the world's a stage.
Giving human qualities to animals or objects: Example: The thunder grumbled like an old man.
Repeating the same letter or sound at the beginning of closely connected words. Example: Alice's aunt ate apples.
Repeating a sound, syllable, word, phrase, line, stanza, or metrical pattern is a basic unifying device in all poetry.
Pattern of words that contain similar sounds.
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
“Rhythm” is a sound pattern (a beat) using one or more kinds of meter.
“Meter” refers to the number of “feet” of a specific kind in a line of poetry.
A “Foot” is the measurement for one unit of poetry (usually two- three
Rhythm, meter, foot
Name given to the elements in a poem that spark off the senses.
The winter evening settles down
With smell of steaks in passageways.
A poem that doesn't follow any rules. It doesn't use regular meter patterns, rhymes, or patterns.
Words that imitate natural sounds. Example: buzz.
Gives a poem a musical quality, creates mood and emphasizes important ideas or words.
Poems that follow a consistent framework based on features such as line length, syllable count, rhyme pattern, rhythm, meter or a combination of these. Opposite of free verse.