BUMEDINST 6600.10A Dental Infection Control Manual questions. Chpt. 1-2
How many deaths and hospitalizations are do to HIV infections annually?
600 Hospitalizations and 200 Deaths.
How are Microorganisms classified
How do you sterilize to protect from infectious and serum hepatitis
by autoclaving for a minimum of 20 minutes at 270 F, or dry heat sterilization for 90 minutes at 320F
what does Asepsis stand for
the prevention of contact with microorganisms
What are some types of Automated washer processors
sterilizer, dishwasher, or other mechanical washing devices.
what is the barrier technique
the use of rubber, plastic, foil, or other fluid resistant materials to cover surfaces and protects them from contamination.
what is the definition of bioburden
the number of microorganisms contaminating an object. also it is known as a bioload or microbial load.
what is the definition of biological control
an unprocessed biological form that is the same as the test monitor, it serves as a control by verifying the viability of the unexposed organism to the one that was exposed. ( The Controlled Subject)
what is a biological monitor
a bacterial endospore test that determines if sterilization actually occurred.
What is the definition of Blood Born Pathogen
Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in the blood
what is the bowie dick test
a diagnostic test of a prevacuum sterilizers ability to remove air from the chamber and detect air leaks.
what is the definition of chemical disinfection
the destruction of inhibition of most viruses and bacteria while in their active growth phase using chemicals.
what is the purpose of a chemical indicator
its a chemical dye used to determine whether the conditions required for sterilization are met.
what is the definition of contaminated
the presence or reasonably expected presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item or surface.
what is contaminated laundry
laundry that has been visibly soiled with blood or contains other potentially infectious materials.
what is a culture
the reproduction and growth of microorganisms or living tissue cells in or on a nutrient medium
what are the three types of dental item classification.
and noncritical items
what is the definition of a critical item
instruments and materials that penetrate the skin, mucous membrane, or bone. these items must be sterile before use.
what is the definition of semi-critical items
instruments, equipment or materials that frequently contact mucous membranes but cannot be sterilized because of their design or inability to withstand heat. at minimum, these items require high level disinfection.
what is the definition of a noncritical items
instruments, equipment, or materials that do not normally penetrate or contact mucous membranes but which are exposed to splatter, sprays or splashing of blood, or are touched by contaminated hands.
what is the definition of engineering controls
equipment or methods that isolate or remove blood-borne pathogens from the workplace.
what is the definition of an exposure incident
a percutaneous exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials, to the eye mouth or other mucous membranes, or non-intact skin.
what is the definition of exposure time?
the total continuous elapsed time during which the sterilizer is operating at the preselected sterilizing parameters, such as the temperature and pressure.
what is the definition of infectious micro-organism
organisms capable of producing diseases in a host
what is the definition of infectious waste
a liquid or semi liquid blood or other potentially infectious materials, or contaminated items that would release blood or caked with blood and are capable of releasing those materials if handling.
what is the definition of an invasive procedure
a surgical entry into the tissues, cavities, organs, or repair of major traumatic injuries. this includes the manipulation, cutting or removal or any oral or perioral tissue.
what is the definition of a nosocomial infection
an infection originating in the environment or a hospital or freestanding dental treatment facility.
what is the definition of personal protective attire.
specialized barrier attire worn by an employee to protect against a hazard.
what is the definition of occupational exposure
reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane or parental exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of your duties.
what is the definition of saturated steam sterilization
a process that uses steam under pressure for sufficient length of time to kill all forms of microorganisms.
what is the definition of sanitary sewer system
a sewer system connected to a sewage treatment plant
what does the term spray-wipe-spray mean
it is an acceptable method of cleaning and disinfecting. presently there is no agent on the market with the environmental protection agency (EPA) registration that cleans and disinfects in one step.