Chemistry - Nomenclature (Ch5)

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michaelirby98
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263926
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Chemistry - Nomenclature (Ch5)
Updated:
2014-05-20 04:13:22
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Chemistry nomenclature
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Ch5 nomenclature
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  1. What do you call a compound with only 2 elements?
    Binary compounds
  2. Acids usually star with what element?
    "H" - Hydrogen
  3. What is a type I ionic compound?
    Single cation metal + nonmetal
  4. What are the rules for naming Type I compounds? (cation metal+nonmetal)
    • 1. Name the cation first
    • 2. Name the nonmetal with -ide ending

    Remember all compounds must be stable!!!
  5. NaCl
    Type one because it has a cation metal and a nonmetal

    Sodium Chloride
  6. How to name multiple cations
    Name the cation (metal) and indicate the charge with roman numeral in ( )

    • Fe3 Iron (III)
    • CuCopper (II)
  7. Rules for naming type II compounds (Multiple cations and nonmetal)
    • 1. Name the cation (metal)
    • 2. Indicate charge with roman numerals, in ( )
    • 3. Name non metal with -ide ending

    • CuCl- - Copper(I) Chloride 
    • CuO2- - Copper (II) Oxide 
  8. H+
    Hydrogen 

    Cation 
  9. Li+
    Lithium 

    Cation 
  10. Na+
    Sodium 

    Cation 
  11. K+
    Potassium

    Cation 
  12. Cs+
    Cesium

    Cation 
  13. Be2+
    Beryllium 

    Cation
  14. Mg2+
    Magnesium 

    Cation 
  15. Ba2+
    Barium 

    Cation
  16. Al3+
    Aluminum

    cation 
  17. Ag+
    Silver

    Cation 
  18. Zn2+
    Zinc 

    Cation 
  19. H-
    Hydride 

    Anion 
  20. F-
    Fluoride 

    anion 
  21. Cl-
    Chloride 

    anion 
  22. Br-
    Bromide 

    anion 
  23. I-
    Iodide 

    anion 
  24. O2-
    Oxide

    anion 
  25. S2-
    Sulfide 

    anion 
  26. What is a Type III compound
    Nonmetal - Nonmetal compounds
  27. Rules for naming Type III compounds (nonmetal - nonmetal compounds) 
    • 1. Name first element
    • 2. Name second element with -ide ending
    • 3. Use prefixes to indicate how many of each atom is present
    • 4. Mono- is never used on the first element
  28. Mono-
    Prefix for 1
  29. Di-
    Prefix for 2
  30. Tri-
    Prefix for 3
  31. Tetra-
    Prefix for 4
  32. Penta -
    Prefix for 5
  33. Hexa-
    Prefix for 6
  34. Hepta-
    Prefix for 7
  35. Octa-
    Prefix for 8
  36. Polyatomic ions
    2 or more atoms bonded together

    usually ending in ate, with the exception of Hydronium ion
  37. What fix is placed on a polyatomic ions if its has 1 less O than the(-ate) ending?
    -ite if polyatomic ion has one less O
  38. What fix is placed on a polyatomic ion if it has 2 less O than the (-ate) ending
    -hypo is it has 2 less O molecules
  39. What fix is place of a polyatomic ion if it has 1 more O than the (-ate) ending
    Per-ate has 1 more O molecules
  40. What is added to the name of a polyatomic ion has an extra H+
    Hydrogen is added as a prefix if ion has extra H molecule 
  41. Hydronium ion
    H3O+
  42. Permanganate ion
    MnO4-
  43. Acetate ion
    C2H3O2-
  44. Hydroxide ion
    OH-
  45. Chromate ion
    CrO42-
  46. Nitrate ion
    NO3-
  47. Chlorate ion
    ClO3-
  48. Carbonate ion
    CO32-
  49. Sulfate ion
    SO4-
  50. Phosphate ion
    PO43-
  51. Rules for naming binary acids (acids that start with an H)
    • Use the hydro- prefix
    • Use the root word of the element 
    • change the ending to "-ic acid"
  52. Naming polyatomic acids 
    • -ate is changed to -ic
    • -ite is changed to -ous
    • -ide name as binary acid 

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