artificially stimulating active immunity by exposing the body to weakened or less toxic protein associated with disease
my body does the work
natural active immunity
exposed to disease, have antibodies
artificial active immunity
natural passive immunity
mom through placenta or breast milk
artificial passive immunity
give antibodies (immunoglobulins)
Common adverse reactions to all immunizations
flu like (from stimulation of immune system response), pain at injection site, as well as redness and edema.
Contraindications for immunizations
1. immune deficiency
3. allergy to an ingredient
4. immunoglobulin in the last three months
5. received blood in the last three months
6. High fever, or severe reaction from previous immunization
3 IM injections given at 0, 2, 6 month intervals in girls age 9-26 for prevention of HPV – 4 types associated with veneral warts and cervical cancer (90% of warts, and 70% of cervical cancers). Recently approved for use in males.
3 oral doses, completed before age of 32 weeks. To prevent rotavirus- leading cause of diarrhea and hospitalization in US for infants and toddlers (600,000 hospitalizations).
live attenuated varicella zoster vaccine for prevention of herpes zoster in persons 60 and older. Recently age has decreased to those over 50. There is an increased risk of contraction of the illness or in passing the illness to someone else when using a live vaccine. This is not the same vaccine as the varicella vaccine. They cannot be substituted for one another.
available as inactivated and live attenuated
Injectable (inactivated)- use with any group older than 6 months, pregnant during flu season, adults and children with chronic illness, health care workers, patients on long term aspirin therapy
Live attenuated (FLU- MIST)
This flu vaccine is for use in ages 5-49 if healthy. Not for use in pregnant women , not for use in those who have contact with immunosuppressed individual, not in those with chronic illnesses. There is an increased risk of contraction of the illness or in passing the illness to someone else when using a live vaccine.