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  1. The world should be viewed through the heart not the mind.
  2. Two revolutions in progress American revolution—during the 1770’s, American       colonies revolted against British rule.
  3. French revolution—a long-standing government could be       successfully challenged on its own soil.
  4. July 14, 1789—French citizens        stormed the Bastille, a Paris prison for political prisoners.
  5. Revolutionaries placed limits        on powers of King Louis XVI—established a constitutional monarch.
    Constitutional Monarch
  6. Charles James Fox, leader of        the Whig party, supported the revolution.
    James Fox
  7. Wordsworth spoke out in        support of the revolution.
  8. Edmund Burke, who had        sympathized with Am. Rev., condemned the events in France.
    Edmund Burke
  9. Reign of Terror
  10. France declared war on Austria.
  11. A radical group (the Jacobins) gained control of the       French legislative assembly, abolished the monarchy, declared the nation       a republic.
    Jacobians, French, Monarchy
  12. The revolutionaries tried and convicted Louis XVI with       treason.
    • Louis XVI
    • treason
  13. He went to the guillotine.
  14. British Reaction
  15. These events were so shocking that even those who had       sympathized with the French Rev. now turned against it.
    French Revolution
  16. France’s new “citizen” army set out to liberate other       European nations from despotic rule.
  17. British leaders didn’t want France to win dominance on       European continent.
  18. France declared war on Britain.  This dragged on       22 years and squelched hope of reform within British society.
    Britain  squelched
  19. Tory govt., led by William Pitt, outlawed talk of       Parliamentary reform, banned public meetings, and suspended certain       public rights.
    Tory   William Pitt   Parliamentary
  20. Napoleonic Wars       Although Napoleon planned invasion of Britain, he       abandoned the plan.
    Napoleonic  Napoleon
  21. By 1807, Napoleon controlled most of Europe.        Britain ruled the ocean, but Napoleon ruled Europe.
    Napoleon  Europe.
  22. He invaded Russia and was defeated in the Peninsular       War.
    Russia  Peninsular
  23. He escaped to France, was exiled, ruled for Hundred       Days, and the was defeated at Waterloo.
    France,  Hundred       Days  Waterloo.
  24. During the war with France, Britain ignored problems       of the industrial revolution including overcrowding factory towns, the       unpleasant and unsafe working conditions, long working hours, and low       pay.
    British govt. sided with employers against workers Workers protested loss of jobs. (Luddite Riots) Society was splitting into working classes and ruling       classes.
    Luddite working ruling
  26. Weak kings enhanced power of Prime Ministers. George III went mad in 1811 George IV died,       William IV, his brother, was old and weak.
    Prime Ministers George III  George IV William IV
  27. Reforms       The Reform Law of 1832 extended voting rights to       middle class (males only)       First law governing factory safety Abolished slavery.
    Reform Law factory  Abolished
  28. Jean Jacques Rousseau A leading philosopher of 18th century       France Saw society as a force of evil that infringed on       liberty and happiness.          Inspired such novels as Tarzan    Blake’s poetry focuses on        similar themes (i.e., corruption of society, children’s innocence, etc.)
    • Rousseau philosopher liberty Inspired  poetry
    •  corruption
  29. Became a source of thought for Romantic poets Romantic Novelists and novels Gothic novel          brave heroes and heroines    vast eerie castles    ghosts and        supernatural—example,        Frankenstein (Mary Shelley)
  30. Novel of Manners    satirical eye on British        customs    Jane Austen’s Pride and        Prejudice Historical Romances    imaginative works of fiction        built around a real person or historical event    Sir Walter Scott –Ivanhoe        (about knights and chivalry)
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2014-02-26 16:12:36
English IV
notes to be used for testing
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