Psychology Chapter 2 The Brain
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What would most likely happen if the cerebellum was damaged?
you would lose muscle coordination
What is the endocrine system?
- set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
- slow system
If you had a stroke and suffered from partial blindnes, what part of the brain did the stroke damage?
What is the pons?
- coordinates movement
What does an EEG record?
electrical impulses in the brain
What is the difference in the left and right cerebral hemisphere?
- left- logic, rational,analytical, looks at parts
- right- random, intutive, look at whole, creative
Of what does the brain stem mostly consist?
medulla and cerebrum
What are the parts of the forebrain? What is each part responsible for?
- frontal lobe- personality, reasoning, plans and judgements
- parietal lobes- all senses except smell; touch and body position
- occipital lobe- vision
- temporal lobe- auditory
What must happen to perform split brain surgery?
sever corpus callosum
Where are the pleasure centers in the brain?
What is the difference in an MRI and an fMRI?
and MRI shows images of brain structure and an fMRI shows brain functions
The sense of smell depends on which lobe?
What are the Broca's and Wernicke's areas associated with? What does each do?
- language and speech
- Broca's- muscle movements involved in speech
- Wernicke's- speech comprehension
What is the limbic system?
- emotional system
- fear, agression, food, sex
Where are the reflex control centers for vital life functions located?
Bodily sensations register in which brain area?
What area of the frontal lobe directs the body's muscles?
What is aphaisa?
impairment of language
What is the pituitary gland?
master gland that regulates growth
Where is consciousness carried out in the brain?
What are the association areas of the cerebral cortex?
deal with thinking, language, and memory
What are some difference between lower and higher animals brain?
- lower- smaller
- higher- more wrinkles, more cerebrum, cerebral cortex is most devolved part
What is amygdala and its functions?
- center of the limbic system
- helps you react in dangerous situations
What is the cerebral cortex?
- ultimate control and information center
- 4 lobes
What is the hippocampus?
- lasting memories
- storing memories
Which side of the brain controls which side of the body?
What is the hypothalamus? What does it control?
- part of the brain
- sex, eating, temp control
With what is the recticular formation associated?
What would happen if your recticular activating system was destroyed?
you would be in a coma and never come out
What is a CT scan?
a series of x-rays
What is a PET scan?
measures brain's consumption of glucose
What are hormones?
chemical messangers that are produced in one tissue and affect another
What part of the brain stores lasting memories?
Where is Brocs's area located?
left frontal lobe
Where is Wernicke's area located?
left of temporal lobe
What is involved in the production of emotion?
What would you like to do?
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