Spanish Grammar _ Rules.txt

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Author:
JeffBirnbaum
ID:
264160
Filename:
Spanish Grammar _ Rules.txt
Updated:
2014-02-26 19:48:30
Tags:
Spanish Grammar
Folders:
Spanish Grammar
Description:
Spanish Grammar
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  1. Going to
    • Ir (conjugated) + A
    • Voy a ir a la playa
  2. Like
    • Me Gusta / Gustan
    • Te Gusta / Gustan
    • Le Gusta / Gustan

    • Nos Gusta / Gustan
    • Les Gusta / Gustan

    Gusta or Gustan is based on subject
  3. Preterito AR Conjugation
    • e
    • aste
    • o
    • amos
    • asteis
    • aron
  4. Preterito ER-IR
    • i
    • iste
    • io
    • imos
    • isteis
    • ieron
  5. 3 irregular imperfecto
    Ser, Ir, Ver
  6. Por or Para
    • Por
    • -passive voice. Is or was done by someone. By
    • -Motion or general location. Thru or around
    • -Unit of measure. Per
    • -in exchange for
    • -Duration. For, during, in
    • -by, by way of, by means of , through. (por telefono)
    • -In search of. For
    • -Reason or cause of action. Because of, on account of, on behalf of

    • Para
    • -Direction or Destination
    • -Recipient. For
    • -Used for. In order to
    • -Deadline. By
    • -Purpose or goal. In order to. used for. For
    • -Comparison. For
    • -Employment
    • -Opinion. For, in __ opinion
  7. Ser and Estar
    • Estar
    • -Condition of something
    • -How something is
    • -Location -physical & geographic
    • -Progressive tenses

    • Ser
    • -Essence
    • -Essential Quality
    • -What something is
    • -Hours of the day
    • -place of origin
    • -Occupation
    • -Nationality
    • -Material made from
    • -Possession
    • -Relationship to a person
    • -Where an event is taking place
    • -Essential Qualities
    • -Always use when followed by a noun - like an = sign

    • er and estar (contrasting uses)
    • When a noun follows the verb, use ser
    • When an adjective follows the verb, decide between "essence" and "condition"
    • To tell where something is from, use ser
    • To tell where something is located right now, use estar
    • To tell where an event is taking place, use ser
  8. Preterito Vs Imperfecto
    • Preterito
    • -Absolute Action
    • -Sequence of action after another

    • Imperfecto
    • -Interupted action
    • -2 actions same time
    • -Describes people, places, animals, things
    • -A custom, ritual
    • -Time in the past. Era, Eran
    • -Age
    • -Past progression..Estar + Gerundio
    • -Stages in the life
  9. Imperfecto AR
    • yo -Aba
    • Tu - Abas
    • el - Aba
    • Nos - Abamos
    • Vos - Abais
    • Ellos - Aban
  10. Imperfecto ER/IR
    • Yo - ia
    • Tu - ias
    • el - ia
    • Nos - iamos
    • Vos - iais
    • Ellos - ian
  11. Possessive adj
    • Possessive Adjetives
    • Agree with the noun they modify ( with the thing they possess)

    Mi (s). - My

    Tu(s) - Your

    Su(s) - His, Her, Your (formal), Their

    Nuestro(-a, -os, -as) - Our

    Vuestro(-a, -os, -as) - Your ( familiar)
  12. Present Tense Ar
    • yo - o
    • tu - as
    • el - a
    • nos - amos
    • vos - ais
    • ellos - an
  13. Present Tense er / ir
    • yo - o
    • tu - es
    • el - e
    • nos - emos, imos
    • vos - eis, is
    • ellos - en
  14. Rules for a mi Madre
    • When direct object is s person or domesticated animal
    • a is for:
    • Movement
    • Sense
    • Direction
  15. Numbers 20-29
    • Combine two numbers
    • 22 = Veintidos
  16. por and en
    • por
    • General Medium
    • water, land, air. Not specific

    • en
    • Specific Medium
    • By bus, or train, etc
  17. I have to.. Verb
    • Tengo Que... Ir etc
    • Tienes Que
  18. I'm Sorry
    Lo Siento
  19. Can you...Infinitive Verb
    • Puedes ...Hablar
    • Puede usted ..Repetir
  20. How do you say it
    How do yo write it
    • Como se dice
    • Como se escribe
  21. Adjectives
    • ending in o - o, a, os, as
    • ending in e - e and es
    • ending in Consonant es for plural

    • Occurs after the noun
    • except quantity is before, i.e. mucho
    • except speaks of quality, i.e. white snow
  22. Past participle
    • Ar - ado
    • Er - ido
    • Ir - ido
  23. Present Perfect
    I have. He has, etc
    You, he, she, we, they ..have
    • Haber + past participle
    • He

    • He
    • Has
    • Ha
    • Hemos
    • Habeis
    • Han
  24. One has to. It is necessary
    Hay + que

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