A time in America where the fear of communist taking over was strong.The “Red Scare” of 1919-20 resulted in Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer (“Fighting Quaker”) using a series of raids to round up and arrest about 6,000 suspected Communists.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted of murdering a Massachusetts paymaster and his guard; they were Italians, atheists, anarchists, draft dodgers and the courts may have been prejudiced against them
Volstead Act the enabling legislation for the Eighteenth Amendment which established prohibition in the United States
John T. Scopes, a high school teacher of Dayton, Tennessee, was charged with teaching evolution; the trial was inconclusive but illustrated the rift between the new and the old (creationists and evolutionists)
Ford Model T
Model T the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle-class American
Invented the radio.
The Jazz Singer
First talking movie.
Women's Dynamic Decade - Sanger
Sanger feminist who lead birth control movement
The Lost Generation Writers
Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby wrote of the poor mortality of the upper class. Hemmingway The Old Man and the Sea wrote of the male feelings of inadequacy.
Stock market with high buying and selling.
Government leaves economics alone. Adam Smith
Kellogg Brand Act
Anti war pledge led by frank B. Kellogg. Sixty-two nations ratify.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Albert B. Fall oil scandal where he recieved $400,000 in bribes.
Farm proposal of the 1920s, passed by Congress but vetoed by president Coolidge, that provided for the federal government to buy farm surpluses and sell them abroad
Set up a new payment arrangment with Germany.
Hawley Smoot Tariff
Raised tariffs to an unprecedented level and worsened the depression by raising prices and discouraging foreign trade.(60%)
October 29, 1929 crash of the stock market.
Causes of the Great Depression
Overproduction of farm and factory, over expansion of credit, technological unemployment, economic chaos abroad, & drought.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
This agency became a government lending bank. It was designed to provide indirect relief by assisting insurance companies, banks, agricultural organizations, and railroads.
Bonus Army Demands
"Bonus Army" (BEF) (1932) Name given to the mass of struggling WWI vets who, in the face of hard economic times, wanted to collect their pay checks early.
Government Reaction to Bonus Army
US Army sent to clear them out.
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations with Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region.