PTA 208 Quiz wounds

Card Set Information

Author:
amills1
ID:
264185
Filename:
PTA 208 Quiz wounds
Updated:
2014-02-26 22:01:15
Tags:
PTA 208 Quiz wounds
Folders:

Description:
PTA 208 Quiz wounds and estim
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user amills1 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. inflammation phase general
    • 1st phase
    • prepares wound for healing
    • 1-6days
  2. inflammation phase specifics
    • swelling
    • redness
    • activation of neutrophils and other infection fighting cells
    • hemostatic response (clotting)
  3. which phase is proliferation and what duration
    • 2nd phase
    • 3-20 days
  4. proliferation specifics
    • covered wound and strengthens injury site
    • 4 simultaneous processes
    • -epithelization
    • -type 3 collagen production (granulation)
    • -wound contraction
    • -formation of new blood vessels
  5. maturation which phase and duration
    • 3rd
    • can last more than a year
  6. maturation specifics
    • balanced synthesis and lysis of collagen if normal remodeling
    • type 3 collagen replaced by type 1
  7. if tissue production greater than lysis these occur
    • keloid or
    • hypertrophic scar
  8. increase ____ and ____ reduce strength and function mobility of tissue
    scarring and adhesions
  9. causes of chronic inflammation
    • persistent injury/cumulative trauma
    • interference of normal healing process
  10. local facts affecting healing
    • type
    • size
    • location
    • infection
    • vascular supply
  11. external factors affecting healing
    • too early of movement can delay healing
    • e-stim helps
    • modalities help
  12. systemic factors affecting healing
    • age
    • disease (DM, vascular diseases)
    • meds
    • nutrition
  13. T/F different tissues have same capacities for healing
    false
  14. cartilage healing ability
    • poor
    • lacks nerves, lymph, and blood vessels
  15. if cartilagenous injury includes subchondral bone how is healing process changed?
    allows inflammed cells to gain access to repair nearby cartilage
  16. which heals better with CPM (controlled passive movement) tendon or ligament
    ligament
  17. which has potential to achieve an advanced state of repair tendon or ligament
    tendon
  18. calcified hematoma can form after a severe contusion in this tissue
    skeletal muscle
  19. name the 4 stages of bone healing
    • inflammation
    • soft callus
    • hard callus
    • bone remodeling
  20. bone inflammation phase
    • shortly after impact
    • hematoma formed
    • lower ph
    • disrupts blood supply
  21. bone soft callus phase
    • after swelling
    • stabilizes fx
    • decrease pain
    • decrease chance of fat embolism
  22. bone hard callus phase
    • 3 weeks to 4 months
    • varies to clinical healing
  23. bone remodel phase
    • healed fibrous bone is converted to lamellar bone
    • medullar canal becomes patent again
  24. e-stim increases these body components to help healing
    • DNA
    • protein
    • ATP
    • thymidine synthesis
    • intracellular calcium
    • vascular growth
  25. mechanism of how e-stim helps
    • attracts appropriate cells
    • decrease edema
    • enchance antimicrobial activity
    • increase protein synthesis
    • promotes circulation/oxygenation
  26. what sources of edema is estim good for
    • edema caused by inflammation
    • edema decreasing ROM
  27. what sources of edema is estim bad to treat
    systemic causes
  28. what polarity minimizes acute edema
    -
  29. in general this polarity is used for healing of inflammed or infected wounds
    -
  30. in general this polarity is used for healing of wounds without inflammation
    +
  31. common anti-inflam corticosteroid used in rehab with iontophoresis
    dexamethasone
  32. types of modalities to help healing
    • cryo and thermo therapy
    • US
    • electromagnetic radiation
    • e-stim
    • compression
  33. when is inflammation considered subacute? when for chronic?
    • 2-4 weeks subacute
    • months to years chronic

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview