Psychology 101-3

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Author:
mi06bian
ID:
264200
Filename:
Psychology 101-3
Updated:
2014-02-27 00:31:44
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Psychology
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Description:
Conditioning
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  1. Operant Conditioning
    The process by wbecome response becomes more likely to occur or less so, depending on its consequences.
  2. Consequences of behavior
    • Reinforcement strengthensthe response or makes it more likely to occur.
    • Punishment weakens the response or makes it less likely to occur.
  3. Negative reinforcement
    A reinforcement procedure in which a response is followed by the removal, delay, or decrease in intensity of an unpleasant stimulus.  As a result, the response becomes stronger or more likely
  4. Positive reinforcement
    A reinforcement procedure in which aresponse is followed by the presentation of, or increase of a reinforcing stimulus. As a result the responsebecomes stronger or more likely
  5. Extinction
    The weakening and eventual disappearance of a learned response in operant conditioning it occurs when a response is no longer followed by a reinforcer.
  6. Stimulus generalization
    In operant conditioning the tendency for a response that has been reinforced in the presence of one stimulus to occur in the presence of another.
  7. Stimulus discrimination
    In operant conditioning the tendency of a response tooccur in the presence of one stimulus but not in the presence of another similarstimuli
  8. Discriminative stimulus
    A stimulus that signals when a particular response is likely to be followed by a certain type of consequence.
  9. Continuous reinforcement
    A reinforcement schedule in which a particular response is likely to be followed by a certain type of consequence
  10. Intermittent schedule of reinforcement
    A reinforcement schedule in which a particular response is sometimes nut not always reinforced
  11. Shaping
    An operant conditioning procedure in which successive approximations of a desired response are reeinforced
  12. Successive approximations
    In shaping, behaviorsthat are ordered in terms of increasing similarity to the desired response
  13. Instinctive drift
    Tendency of anorganism to reevert back toinstinctively behavior
  14. Learning
    A relatively permanent change in behavior due to exprience
  15. Behaviorism
    Approachpsychology that emphasizas the study of observable behavior and the role of environment
  16. Conditioning
    Basic kind of learning that involves associations among environmental stimuli and behavior
  17. Unconditioned stimulus
    Stimulus that already elicits a certain response
  18. Unconditioned response
    Response elicited by a us
  19. Conditioned stimulus
    Initially neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a cr after being associated with an us
  20. Unconditioned response
    Response elicited by a cs, occurs after cs isassociated with us
  21. Classical conditioning
    The process by which a obviously neutral stimulus becomes associatEd with a stimulus that already elicits a response and in turn acquires the capacity to elicit a similar respon
  22. Counter conditioning
    Process of pairing a cs with a stimulus that elicits a response that is incompatable with an unwanted conditional response

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