Ch6SkinAndGlands.txt

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AP101e2014
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264323
Filename:
Ch6SkinAndGlands.txt
Updated:
2014-02-27 22:26:39
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ch6 skin and glands
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  1. The five layers of the epidermis from outside in.
    Stratum Corneum, Stratum Lucidum, Stratum Granulosum, Stratum Spinosum, Stratum Basale
  2. The three layers that make up the skin.
    Epidermis, Dermis, Subcutaneous layer (Hypodermis)
  3. Outer layer of skin composed of stratified squamous epithelium and contains no blood vessels.
    Epidermis
  4. Inner layer of skin, thicker than epidermis, composed of connective tissue smooth muscle tissue, nerve tissue, and blood.
    Dermis
  5. Hypodermis, made up of tissues that bind the skin to the underlying organs.
    Subcutaneous Layer
  6. The outermost layer of epidermis. Sheds its dead epithelial cells.
    Stratum Corneum
  7. Layer of epidermis where cells appear clear and cell parts invisible. Make up thick skin of palms and soles.
    Stratum Lucidum
  8. Layer of epidermis made of 3 to 5 layers of flattened granular cells containing shrunken keratin and shriveled nuclei.
    Statum Granulosum
  9. Layer of epidermis made of many layers of cells with large oval nuclei and developing keratin fibers becoming flattened.
    Stratum Spinosum
  10. Deepest layer of the epidermis with single layer of cells that divide and grow by getting nutrition from neighboring dermis. Stratum Germinativum.
    Stratum Basale
  11. The thickening and hardening of older cells. Keratin proteins are synthesized and stored in the cell.
    Keratinization
  12. Skin darkening pigment made from amino acid tyrosine in organelles called melanosomes. Provides skin color and protects the body by absorbing UV radiation.
    Melanin
  13. Specialized skin cells in the stratum basale layer of the epidermis that produce melanin.
    Melanocytes
  14. Keeps hair soft, pliable, and waterproof.
    Sebaceous Glands
  15. Lower body temperature with odorless secretions.
    Eccrine Sweat Glands
  16. Wet skin during pain, fear, emotional distress, and sexual arousal. Not odorless.
    Apocrine Sweat Glands
  17. Secrete earwax.
    Ceruminous Glands
  18. Secrete milk.
    Mammary Glands

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