organic chemistry lecture 2
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Methane and compounds whose functional group contains only carbon-carbon single bonds.
They have the lowest density of all groups of organic compound.
what are the carbons in alkane referred as
methyl, primary, secondary, tertiary
- -CH3, R-CH2, R2-C-H, R3-C-
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Alkanes' violent reaction with oxygen at high temperatures that produces carbon dioxide, water, and heat
This is formed when alkanes react with halogens in the presence of heat or light
initiation, propagation and termination are the three steps in this chain reaction
This first step of halogenation. The halogen starts as a diatomic molecule. The molecule is homolytically cleaved by heat or uv light resulting in a free radical.
the second step of halogenation. Most of the products are produced in this step
The final step of halogenation. Either two radicals bond or a radical bonds to the wall of the container to end the chain reaction.
A carbon chain with a carbon-carbon double bond. Have one pi and one sigma bond
Synthesis of an alkene occurs via this type of reaction
This is an E1 reaction where an alcohol forms an alkene in the presence of hot concentrated acid
dehydration of an alcohol
List from most stable to least stable types of carbons
3o, 2o, 1o, methyl
This rule states that the major product of elimination will be the most substituted alkene
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