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Theatre was a religious place
- Thorikos Theatre
- Seated 2.500ish?
- Thorikos theatre: Irregular koilon (seating) rectangular-ish. c.500BC. Rectangular orchestra. Seats added later.
Temple of Dionysos at far end of orchestra.
- Chorus in rectilinear formations, so needed
- wide oblong dancefloor!
- cf. marching chorus
- Initially no scenery, but a building
- existed for changing, doors, a roof
- Argos Theatre
- Seated 2000?
- Had straight, rock-cut seating
- Theatre at Sanctuary of Asklepios,
- 330-300 BC
- Estimated seated 12,000
- Theatre for pilgrims to Asklepios – a cult
Epidauros: not a major centre, but hugetheatre built at this time. Built for large audiences so drama must still havebeen a popular activity.
Initially 6000ish, then enlarged - extra seating thought to be a Roman addition
- Largest surviving theatre of Greece, though
- not largest in antiquity
Largest surviving theatre
Original skene had paraskenia
- Athens, Theatre of Dionysos
- in 5th C, maybe as late as 400BC
- Rectangular koilon
- Seated 3000
- Wooden seats and skene
- Visible temple
- One-story skene
- No platform stage, just skene onto orchestra, so acting in orchestra
- Lykourgan Theatre of Dionysos, c. 330 BC
Don't forget the damn temples!
Eastern parodos had statues of Aiskhylos, Sophokles, Euripides and Menander
Seated thousands - some estimates up to 17,000.
Original in wood
Lykourgos made stone – he was leading financial official - shows theatre still very important civic spaces and drama still very popular
Added seats and peripatos
Paraskenia = side buildings
- Theatre of Dionysos at Athens was
- reconstructed by Lykourgos in the 330s
- 2 temples (one old, one new) and altars
- behind the stage, faced by the entire audience.
Stage = low platform
- Orchestra = for chorus – intermediaries
- between actors and audience
- The stage-building used for comedy and
- tragedy, a palace was a common setting (as in BAcchae) and the dialogue shows times when it would have been used.
- E.g. Pentheus coming outside his palace and finding Dionysos there when he should have been in prison
- takes the piss out of well-known staging of
- tragedies. The long silence of Niobe, the silence of his Akhilleus.