Theatres

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Author:
RedEdison
ID:
264398
Filename:
Theatres
Updated:
2014-03-02 10:46:06
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TC art
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TC art
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  1. Theatre was a religious place
    • Thorikos Theatre
    • Seated 2.500ish?
    • Thorikos theatre: Irregular koilon (seating) rectangular-ish. c.500BC. Rectangular orchestra. Seats added later.

    Temple of Dionysos at far end of orchestra. 

    • Chorus in rectilinear formations, so needed
    • wide oblong dancefloor!
    • cf. marching chorus
    • Initially no scenery, but a building
    • existed for changing, doors, a roof
    • Argos Theatre
    • mid-5thC
    • Seated 2000?
    • Had straight, rock-cut seating
    • EPIDAUROS
    • Theatre at Sanctuary of Asklepios,
    • c.
    • 330-300 BC
    • Estimated seated 12,000

    • Theatre for pilgrims to Asklepios – a cult
    • building

    Epidauros: not a major centre, but hugetheatre built at this time. Built for large audiences so drama must still havebeen a popular activity. 

    Initially 6000ish, then enlarged - extra seating thought to be a Roman addition

    • Largest surviving theatre of Greece, though
    • not largest in antiquity

    Largest surviving theatre

    Original skene had paraskenia
    • Athens, Theatre of Dionysos
    • in 5th C, maybe as late as 400BC
    • Rectangular koilon
    • Seated 3000
    • Wooden seats and skene
    • Visible temple
    • One-story skene 
    • Door
    • No platform stage, just skene onto orchestra, so acting in orchestra
    • Athens,
    • Lykourgan Theatre of Dionysos, c. 330 BC

    Cf Epidauros

    Don't forget the damn temples!

    Eastern parodos had statues of Aiskhylos, Sophokles, Euripides and Menander

    Seated thousands - some estimates up to 17,000.

    Original in wood

    Lykourgos made stone – he was leading financial official - shows theatre still very important civic spaces and drama still very popular

    Added seats and peripatos

    Paraskenia = side buildings

    • Theatre of Dionysos at Athens was
    • reconstructed by Lykourgos in the 330s

    • 2 temples (one old, one new) and altars
    • behind the stage, faced by the entire audience.

    Stage = low platform

    • Orchestra = for chorus – intermediaries
    • between actors and audience

    • The stage-building used for comedy and
    • tragedy, a palace was a common setting (as in BAcchae) and the dialogue shows times when it would have been used.
    • E.g. Pentheus coming outside his palace and finding Dionysos there when he should have been in prison

    • Frogs
    • takes the piss out of well-known staging of
    • tragedies. The long silence of Niobe, the silence of his Akhilleus.

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