Athletic Votive statues

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    • 470sBC
    • Delphi Charioteer (found in sanctuary of Apollo)
    • Bronze
    • Inscribed dedication block:
    • []  ruler of Gela set (this)  up
    • [&] exalted and good-named Apollo
    • Changed to:
    • [P]olyzalos set (this) up 
    • [&] exalted and good-named Apollo

    • Dedicated by a ruler of Gela, then
    • re-inscribed as a dedication of his brother’s a few years later. There is uncertainty as to why. Possibly one commissioned the monument that celebrate the victory of the other

    Compare with Motya charioteer.

    • Wearing a long chiton with high waist band - long length typical of charioteers
    • Face is quite impassive
    • Has silver inlaid headband and aristocratic curls, silver teeth
    • He had bronze eyelashes! 
    • But he is part of a larger monument and was obscured - he stood in the chariot behind the horses and the owner, both of whom were more important than he was
    • The horses were very detailed - detailed tail and legs with vein detail

    • Votive
    • Chariot racing very high-status, expensive to maintain horses, very high honour in winning
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    • Marble charioteer from Motya (Sicily)
    • Sicilian cities and tyrants
    • Loved chariot events – priorities – winning
    • games!

    • c460BC
    • Victory was personal and individual, and
    • memorialized with statues

    • Few could have the glory
    • You needed: money, training, noble birth,
    • divine favour, self-assertion

    • A good artist would use iconography and
    • earlier representations to achieve the best vision of excellence he could. His
    • name need not be put upon it.

    • The statues were highly coloured and
    • responded to in ancient time as like real people. Like active players in human
    • society!
    • Athletic victories one of the highest symbols of prestige. 

    470s – early in the new style

    Long chiton, thin, pose aims to show off the body underneath

    Veins are rather rudimentary

    Head would have had a cap or light helmet

    His pose: probably self-sufficient, not in a chariot. He is detailed in all views. Adjusting victory crown or his helmet

    • He is youthful, muscly, excellent, has
    • aristocratic styled hair – he is a specific person, a champion? A life without other work – he embodies ἀρετη as conceived in early 5th C.

    Subject of the monument. Delphi was not.

    Why is a Greek statue in Sicily? Perhaps Motya was his hometown.
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    Roman marble copy of Diskobolos by Myron

    Original bronze of Severe period so early to mid- 5th C. 

    • Rhythmos etc. Compare to other severes like Artemision Zeus.
    • Thicker eyelids and 'pouting' lips. Short hair. Muscles carefully depicted and as lifelike as possible. Moment of momentum.
    • Characteristics: simplicity, strength, vigour, rationality, intelligenceConveyed through proportion, sober expressions – fixed gaze showing determination and vigour, averted eyes perhaps showing thought
  4. Persian War period, re-evaluation of what
    it was to be a Hellene – different and better. 5th C style provided
    a Greek identity. 490-450, suddenly informed all statues.

    Shift from σημα to εἰκων. Key


    Bronze technology shifted to real life
    representation. Lifelike muscles, veins, eyebrows, hair, nails etc

    Riace bronzes!
  5. Purpose of a votive offering:
    Give thanks for a win
    Pray for a win

    Sicily had tyrannical rule
    Liked to celebrate victories against Greece
Card Set:
Athletic Votive statues
2014-03-02 20:49:11

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