- Apadana - reception hall with columns
- Reliefs at palace
- Huge palace - grew over time
- This is the Apadana (the audience hall of
- Darius I)
- First hall after walking through the
- Square rooms a feature of Achaemenid
- Said to have been able to accommodate
- The stairways were decorated with a great
- procession of tribute bearers
- row upon row,
- large quivers.
- Soldiers one after another in lines, repetition avoided through use of different stances
- Lion motif, attacking bulls - v. popular in East, lion representing the king. Greek idea of Herakles wearing lion skin?
- Tribute bearers.
- Important part of King’s power - rule over other kings.
- Goods. Drinking vessels, other offerings.
- Led by a herald
- Same attire, but different regions - slightly different head-gear
- Greek cities also bring tribute. Cloth, expensive clothes.
- Trees to indicate the landscape
- Persian art more stylised than Greek.
- The sculptures at Persepolis would have
- glittered in bright colours. Bright bricks did the job at Susa.
- Vast numbers – demonstration of power?
- Above, see the design to the right: Medes
- and Persians plus chariots
- Left side = empire nations bringing
- ‘obligatory’ presents
- Repetition is of the essence!
- Stylised trees separate and create order
- Poses barely vary
- Accoutrements do
- So the design, though repetitive and part
- of a homogeneous whole, has some breaks to the monotony.
The function is to be ornamental
Larger usher-led tribute groups rendered small above lion and bull scene – another type of repetition
- These reliefs do not tell a story
- They do not express feeling
But these are in places to be passed-by, not waited in and perused
Decorations are subservient – this is so inkeeping with Persian identity! A story would transcend decoration in some sense
Persians directed foreign craftsmen
They liked rich, decorative design
- The Immortals (and see below for detail)
- Frankfort says Ionian (Greek) sculptors
- employed on Persepolis
- Their skill in rendering the figures and
- the drapery clear but not given free reign to depict all thus:
- Persians and Medes alternate
- Medes: cap, coat, trousers, smooth garments – no folds.
- Folded garments are reserved for Persian
- ushers – sign of sophistication
- They carry flowers
- Above, king’s horses and chariots
- Ideal social order? Everyone under control,
- in order, bringing the correct offerings, exhibiting correct behaviours and
- wearing correct national dress
we hear of the Persian kings giving gifts often - suit of Median clothes mentioned several times, for example
- Drinking bowl-bearers:
- Soft, felt head-covering tiara, patterned sleeved chiton, anaxyrides trousers (Hdt 7.61 and 62)