Topik 3 Grammar 연결어미.txt

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    • description "Grammar verb connectors"
    • fileName "Topik 3 Grammar 연결어미"
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    • ~다가(는) (모르는 사람을 따라갔다가는 큰일날 수 있어요)
    • indicates a negative consequence if the action in the first phrase is continued
    • (It can be dangerous if you follow a stranger.)
  1. ~(ㄴ/는)다면 or (이)라면 (for nouns)
    (돈이 아주 많다면 일을 하지 않고 여행을 다닐 거예요.)
    • used to assume a certain situation
    • (If I had a lot of money, I would not work but instead travel.)
  2. ~(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ지
    (옆집에 생선을 굽는지 생선 냄새가 많이 나네요.)
    • used when the speaker has a certain reason for assuming what is stated in the following phrase
    • (They must be grilling fish next door because the smell of fish is strong.)
  3. ~(으)ㄴ/는들
    (난들 그 일을 어떻게 알겠어요?)
    • granted that, even though~ often followed by a rhetorical question
    • [same as ~라고 할지라도]
    • (Even though it is I, what shall I do about you?)
  4. N만큼; V.S~(으)ㄹ만큼
    (생각만큼; 쓰지 않을 만큼만 넣어.)
    • 'as much as N'; 'to the extent to which'
    • (as much as I thought; Put in enough so as to not be bitter.)
  5. ~(으)ㄹ수록
    • the more one does
    • (The more I think about it...)
  6. ~(으)ㄹ지라도
    (설령 도독질라고 했을지라도...)
    • even if it were so / granted that it is so
    • [not confirmed as a fact]
    • (Even if it were called stealing...)
  7. ~(으)려면
    (산성을 가지려면...)
    • for the purpose of
    • (In order to achieve a mountain character...)
  8. ~(으)며
    (한잔하며 이야기하다.)
    • and, while, at the same time
    • (Have a drink and talk.)
  9. ~(으)므로
    (중국과의 관계가 미묘해지므로...)
    • because of, on account of
    • (Because relations with China are getting more intimate [delicate]...)
  10. ~거든
    (일찍 오거든 청소 좀 해 놓아라.)
    • if, provided that, surely -- used to present an action or state in the first phrase that is a condition on which the following phrase is based (often followed by a command, recommendation or promise)
    • (Clean the house if you come early.)
  11. ~길래
    (하도 추워하시길래 안방으로 모셨어요)
    ( 날 언제 옷 해줬길래)
    • for, since, because of, ~ever (after a question word)
    • [shows a judgement by the speaker that has affected the outcome of the situation]
    • (because of work)
    • ( as she seemed so terribly cold, I led her to the main room...)
    • (When have you ever given me clothes?)
  12. ~느라고
    (영화를 보느라고 숙제를 하지 못했어요.)
    • indicates reason why the second action didn't take place or that a negative result was brought about
    • (I couldn't get my homework done because I was watching a movie.)
  13. ~다가
    (꿈을 꾸다가 깨다.)
    • while, during, over
    • (While I was dreaming, I woke.)
  14. ~다시피
    (거의 죽다시피)
    • as, like, sort of
    • (As you know...[this is a set phrase])
    • (as good as dead)
  15. ~더니
    (영수 씨, 지난 주에 면접 시험을 보러 가더니 잘 보셨어요?)
    (아침에 바람이 불어서 춥더니 오후에 따뜻해졌어요.)
    • indicates a new fact or situation not known through experience previously or that a known fact or situation is reason for the following statement -- can also indicate a change of circumstances
    • (Youngsu, you went for an interview last week so how did it go?)
    • (Wind was blowing in the morning, but it became warm in the afternoon.)
  16. ~더라도
    (아무리 돈이 많더라도 사랑이 필요해요.)
    (또 다시 실패하더라도 포기하지 않겠어요.)
    (그 사람은 그렇게 했더라도 너는 그러면 안 된다.)
    • used to indicate the first statement is followed by a conflicting one, while the situation in the first statement can be confirmed or admitted
    • (Not matter how rich one is, they still need love.)
    • (Even if I fail again, I won't give up.)
    • (Just because the person did it that way, doesn't mean that you do that.)
  17. ~던데
    (새로 생긴 식당 음식이 맛있던데 그 식당에 깁시다.)
    • shows speakers previous experience serves as background for the following statement
    • (I recall that the new restaurant serves good food, let's go there.)
  18. ~도록
    (필요할 때 쉽게 찾을 수 있도록 보이는 곳에 잘 놓아 두었다.)
    (음식이 상하지 않도록 냉장고에 넣어 두세요.)
    (목이 터지도록 응원을 했어요.)
    (입에 침이 마르도록 칭찬을 했어요.)
    • used when the first statement describes the purpose, reason, grounds for the action specified -- also used to show the method or degree of an action
    • (I put it in a place where I can find it easily whenever I need it.)
    • (Put them in the refrigerator so that the food won't go bad.)
    • (I cheered until my voice was gone.)
    • (I praised him nonstop.)
  19. ~든지
    (어디든지 / 언제든지 / 무엇든지 / 누구든지 / 얼마든지)
    • used to show ~'ever'
    • (whereever/whenever/whatever/whoever/however much, any number)
  20. ~듯이
    (시간과 사건들이 쌓여서 역사를 만들듯이 문학 작품도 그런 과정을 겪으며 탄생한다.)
    (앞서 말씀 드렸듯이 교육에 대한 투자가 우선되어야 한다고 봅니다.)
    • used to show the action or event in the second statement is similar to the one specified in the first statement
    • (Just as time and events accumulate to make history, literary works are also born through a similar process.)
    • (As I mentioned before, I believe that investments in education need to be first.)
  21. ~아/어도 (short for ~기도 하...)
    (추워도...= 추워기도 하다 = 추워도 춥다)
    • also does / is
    • (really is cold...)
  22. ~아/어야
    (저 산을 넘어야 찬샘골인데.)
    • only if / must
    • (Only if we cross that mountain will we reach Chansaem.)
  23. ~자마자
    (명수 씨는 전화를 받자마자 나갔어요.)
    • as soon as, immediately
    • (Myungsoo went out as soon as he took the call.)
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Topik 3 Grammar 연결어미.txt
2014-03-01 01:16:51
Topik grammar connectors 연결어미

Grammar connectors for Topik 3
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