Topik 3 Grammar 문법 복합표현3 다(가)~자.txt

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busansean
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264443
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Topik 3 Grammar 문법 복합표현3 다(가)~자.txt
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2014-02-28 20:35:16
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Korean grammar Topik
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Description:
Complex grammar endings from official Korean Topik 3/4 grammar list
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    • author "me"
    • tags ""
    • description "Topik grammar verbs 다(가)~자"
    • fileName "Topik 3 문법 복합표현 다(가)~자"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • ~다(가) 보니(까)
    • (날마다 한국 뉴스를 듣다가 보니 듣기 실력이 향상되었다)
    • (꾸준이 발음 연습을 하다 보니 처음보다 발음이 많이 좋아졌어요)
    • used when the speaker realizes a new fact or unexpected outcome from carrying out a habitual or repetitive action or an actiin over a prolonged period
    • (Since I listen to Korean news everyday my listening skills have improved.)
    • (Since I practice my pronunciation constantly my pronunciation has gotten a lot better.)
  1. ~다가 보면
    (살다가 보면 기쁠 때보다 힘들 때가 더 많다고들 한다)
    (열심히 노력하다가 보면 분명히 좋은 결과가 있을 거예요)
    • used when the speaker assumes a new situation will develop based on the fact that an action happens continually
    • (They say that there are more difficult times than happy times in life.)
    • (If you work hard there will be a good result.)
  2. ~다고 치다
    (설령 아내가 진짜로 다른 남자와 새 연애를 하고 싶어한다고 치다)
    • that is supposing
    • (That is supposing that my wife really wants to have an affair with another man
  3. ~만 하다/못 하다
    (백 번 듣는 것이 한 번 보는 것만 못하다)
    (내 방은 우리 교실 반만 해)
    • used to compare the size of a person or object / signals the former is inferior in degree or level
    • (Hearing it for a hundred times cannot be as good as seeing it once.)
    • (My room is half the size of our classroom.)
  4. ~아/어 가다
    (하늘이 회색으로 흐려 가다)
    • progressively continues to do [action progresses away from the speaker over time]
    • (The sky was getting darker and darker.)
  5. ~아/어 가지고(는)
    (팔아 가지고(는) 어둡기 전에 다시 산으로 돌아와야 할 것이다.)
    • doing and keeping for oneself [colloquial of 어서]
    • (We'd better sell it and return to the mountain before it gets dark.)
  6. ~아/어 나가다
    (열심히 지워 나갔다)
    • proceed to do something
    • (I proceeded to vigorously put it out of my mind.)
  7. ~아/어 내다
    (복사해 내다)
    • does it all the way; manages to get the desired result
    • (He did a thorough job of making copies.)
  8. ~아/어 놓다/두다
    (서류를 책상 서랍 안에 넣어 놓았아요)
    • preparation is done before performing an action and the resultant state is maintained
    • (I put the document inside the desk drawer.)
  9. ~아/어 달라다
    (책을 빌려 달라다)
    • ask a request
    • (Ask a person to borrow a book.)
  10. ~아/어 대다
    (어린 아이들이 이집 저집에서 울어대었다.)
    • (does) terribly, awfully, like mad [emphatic force to preceding verb]
    • (Small children were bawling like mad here and there in the houses.)
  11. ~아/어 먹다
    (나라가 그렇게 생겨먹었어)
    (대구 유곽에 팔아먹은 것이었다)
    • perjorative finalizer = 아/어 버리다
    • (That's how it is in this aweful country.)
    • (The had sold her off to a brothel in Daegu.)
  12. ~아/어 버리다
    (두 사람은 갑자기 노인으로 변해 버렸다)
    (약삭 빠른게 도망쳐 버렸다)
    • done completely; disposed of completely; done to one's relief/disappointment
    • (Suddenly the two men had turned into old men.)
    • (She [totally] eacaped in a flash.)
  13. ~아/어 오다
    (점심때가 가까위 오다)
    • has started becoming; gradually coming/doing
    • (It was nearing lunchtime.)
  14. ~아/어 있다
    (얼어붙어 있었다)
    (고용되어 있었다)
    • is in the state of resulting from
    • (It was [stuck] frozen.)
    • (...was employed)
  15. ~아/어 죽다
    (맞아 죽다)
    • done to death
    • (Beaten to death)
  16. ~아/어/여서 그런지
    (거스는 둥둥해서 그런지 말할 때 힘들어 보인다.)
    • just because
    • (It looks as though Gus has difficulty talking just because he is overweight.)
  17. ~아/어/여 보이다
    (지수가 잃어버렸던 것과는 달라 보였다.)
    (외로워 보여요.)
    • appear to be; look as if; look like
    • (It looked different than the one Chisu had lost.)
    • (You seem lonely.)
  18. ~아/어지다
    (오지증이 더 심해진 것 같았다.)
    (모두 나 때문인 듯이 여겨졌던 것이다)
    • gets to be; becomes [w/ descriptive verbs]
    • can make subject passive to action
    • (Problems with his physical development seemed to get worse.)
    • (I felt as though it were somehow my fault.)
  19. 아무 ~(이)나
    (아무 판이나)
    (다들 바위 위에 아믄렇게나 주저앉았다)
    • any NOUN whatever
    • (any [old] record)
    • (They sat on the rock in any which way they pleased.)
  20. 아무 ~도
    (아무 생각도 안 해.)
    (본명은 아무에게도 가르쳐 주지 않아.)
    • no NOUN at all [always followed by a negative]
    • (I don't think about anything.)
    • (I don't tell my real name to anyone.)
  21. ~았/었/였더라면
    (부모님 말씀을 들었더라면 이런 문제가 생기지 않았을거예요.)
    • used when the speaker assumes what is opposite to the past fact or situation and the expected result follows in the next statement
    • (If I had listened to my parents then this sort of problem would have never occurred.)
  22. ~았/었/였던 것 같다
    (그들 사이에 뭔가가 있었덧 것 같다.)
    • I guess there would be something
    • (I guess there would be simething between them.)
  23. ~았/었으면 하다
    (달을 우러러봤으면 하는 마음)
    (이게 꿈이었으면 했다)
    [more hypothetical than ~(으)면 한다]
    • one wishes that; one hopes that [very hypothetical]
    • (The simple wish to look up at the magnificent moon)
    • (I hoped I was dreaming it all.)
  24. 얼마나 ~(으)ㄴ지 (알다/모른다)
    (그나마 키스라도 하는 게 얼마나 다행스러운지 몰랐다)
    • to have/not have an idea as to how much; something is so very/incredibly
    • (Thank god he at least kissed me a bit, for what it was worth.)
  25. ~에 관해(서)
    (북한 인권에 관해서 이야기해 봅시다.)
    • about NOUN
    • (Let's talk about North Korean human rights.)
  26. ~에 대해(서)
    (윤호는 그 책에 대해(서) 별로 알려고 하지 않았다.)
    • with respect to/about/concerning NOUN
    • (Yunho didn't make any particular efforts to learn about that book.)
  27. ~에 따라(서)
    (주변 환경에 따라(서) 색깔을 바꾸는 카멜레온...)
    • in accordance with NOUN; in conformity to NOUN [sometimes 에 is replaced with 을/를]
    • (The chameleon, who changes color according to his surroundings...)
  28. ~에 의해(서)
    (어머니에 의해서 골방에 처박혀졌고...)
    • on account of; by [marking the agent as passive]
    • (I was stuffed into a small room by my mother...)
  29. ~에다(가)
    (배낭을 한쪽 어깨에다 걸쳐메면서...)
    (토요일 오후에다가...)
    (그런 절박한 친구에다 대면...)
    • on top of, in addition to, on top of being [sometimes shows transfer of position]
    • (Throwing the backpack over one shoulder, he...)
    • (On top of it being Saturday afternoon...)
    • (Whenever he ran across/compared himself to such a hard-up friend...)
  30. ~을/를 비롯해(서)
    (아톰이는 두 다리를 비롯해서 이빨 한게도 수술했다.)
    • as well as; in addition to
    • (As well as his two legs, Atom had surgery on his tooth.)
  31. ~을/를 통해(서)
    (모 유력자를 통해)
    • through/by way of NOUN
    • (Through an influential person [called] So-and-so.)
  32. ~자고 하다
    (가자고 행요)
    • indirect quotation of suggestions
    • (She suggests we go.)

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