Topik 3 Grammar 문법 복합표현1 (으_ㄴ_는).txt

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Topik 3 Grammar 문법 복합표현1 (으_ㄴ_는).txt
2014-02-28 20:36:30
Korean grammar Topik

Complex endings in grammar from the official Korean Topik 3/4 grammar list
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    • author "me"
    • tags ""
    • description "Grammar complex endings with 으 or ㄴ/는"
    • fileName "Topik 3 문법 복합표현 (으/ㄴ/는)"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • ~(ㄴ/는)다거나
    • (어린 나무를 짓밟는다거나 하여 자연을 훼손하는 일이 더러 있지만...)
    • connective ending -- 'or the like'
    • (Trampling on young trees or the like and injuring the environment happens sometimes, but...)
  1. ~(ㄴ/는)다기에
    (그 시장이 값이 싸다기에 한번 가 봤어요.)
    • coneective ending -- used to show a fact the speaker heard from another person is the reason for action or a judgement
    • (I went to the market because they said the prices were cheap there.)
  2. ~(ㄴ/는)다길래 (short for ~는다고 하길래, which basically means ~아서/어서)
    (남편이 늦게 온다길래 혼자 먼저 밥을 먹었어요.)
    • heard info so did something
    • (My husband said he would be home late so I ate alone first.)
  3. ~(ㄴ/는)다더니
    (내일 온다더니, 왜 오늘 왔어?)
    • heard info but contradiction
    • (I heard you were coming tomorrow, so why did you come today?)
  4. ~(ㄴ/는)다니까
    (그곳은 지금 길이 막힌다니까 다른 길로 갑시다.)
    • insistent reproachful reiterations; nuance of 'I insist it is' or 'I tell you it does'; also used to command/recommend the action in the following statement based on what someone else said --abbreviated from ~다고 하니까
    • (They say that is jammed so let's take another way.)
  5. ~(ㄴ/는)다더라
    (영수 씨가 중국말을 아주 잘한다더라.)
    • relaying a fact or what the speaker heard to a friend or his subordinate
    • (I heard that Youngsu is very good at Chinese.)
  6. ~(ㄴ/는)다던데 (short for ~ㄴ/는다고 하던데)
    (내일은 더 춥다던데 웃을 따뜻하게 입고 나가세요.)
    • used to confirm what a speaker has heaed from another or suggest an action based on what he heard
    • (They said tomorrow would be colder so wear warm clothes.)
  7. ~(ㄴ/는)다니 (short for ~ㄴ/는 다고 하니)
    (3월에 한국을 떠난다니 너무 슬파다.)
    • heard information and then showed feeling
    • (My friend said she is leaving in March so I'm sad.)
  8. ~(으)려다가 (short form of (으)려고 하다가)
    (치마를 사려다가 바지를 샀어요.)
    (친구를 도워주려다가 실수를 하고 말았어요.)
    • 'intended to but...'
    • (I intended to buy a skirt but bought pants.)
    • (I intended to help my friend but I made mistakes.)
  9. ~(ㄴ/는)다고 해도
    (이번 시험에 떨어진다고 해도 절대로 포기지 않을 것이다.)
    • used to assert the second statement regardless of the first
    • (Even if I don't pass the test this time, I will never give up.)
  10. (마치) ~처럼
    (마치 영화를 보거나 소설을 읽는 것처럼 느껴진다.)
    (마치 유령인 것처럼 느껴지는 사람.)
    • adverb meaning like, as, looks like, etc.
    • (It feels just like watching a movie or reading a novel.)
    • (A person who feels like a ghost.)
  11. ~(으)ㄴ 채(로)
    (옷을 입은 채로 수영장에 들어가지 마세요.)
    (문을 열어 놓은 채로 퇴근했어요.)
    • used to state a condition of 'with' after verb
    • (Do not enter the pool with clothes on.)
    • (We left with leaving the door unlocked.)
  12. ~(으)ㄴ 척하다
    (미선 씨는 그 사람이 좋으면서도 싫은 척해요.)
    (저는 공부하기 싫을 때마다 아픈 척했어요.)
    • used when one falsely pretends that he has performed an action, or claims that an event is true when he knows it is actually false
    • (Misun acts like she doesn't like him when she does.)
    • (Whenever I didn't want to study, I pretended to be sick.)
  13. ~(으)ㄴ/는 걸 보니(까)
    (웃는 걸 보니(까) 시험을 잘 진 것 같구다.)
    • judgement by looking at (usually a connector)
    • (He seems to have done well on the test because he is smiling.)
  14. ~(으)ㄴ/는 김에
    (시내에 가는 김에 서점에도 들를까 해요.)
    • used when someone performs something unplanned while carrying out another action or by taking advantage of a situation that this action has created
    • (I'm thinking of stopping by the bookstore while I'm going out to town.)
  15. ~(으)ㄴ/는 데다(가)
    (그런데다 돈은 흔해져서 관철동 다옥정 같은 중앙 지대에는 그리 고옥만 아니면 만 원대를 예사로 훌훌 넘었다.)
    • On top of, besides
    • (On top of money becoming so plentiful that in central areas like Taokchong in Gwanchol precinct, as long as it was not a really old housing, it was priced at over ten thousand won.)
  16. ~(으)ㄴ/는 만큼
    (지금은 힘들지만 아픈 만큼 성숙해질 거예요.)
    • used to describe that the degree or quantity is in proportion to what is described in the first statement
    • (It's tough right now, but as much as it hurts you will mature.)
  17. ~(으)ㄴ/는 반면(에)
    (그 집은 거실이 넓은 반면에 방은 좁은 편이다.)
    • used to state a fact that is contradictory to what is stated in the first statement
    • (That house has a big living room but on the other hand, the rooms are quite small.)
  18. ~는 법이다
    (급하게 서두르면 실수하는 법이다.)
    (윗물이 맑아야 아랫물도 맑은 법이다.)
    • used to state a natural rule, or something which is natural or is meant to be natutal
    • (If you rush, then you are bound to make mistakes.)
    • (The upper waters must be clean in order for the lower waters to also be clean.)
  19. ~(으)ㄴ/는 탓에
    (부부가 모두 일하는 탓에 아이를 맡아 기를 사람이 없다.)
    • used when the first statement is the cause or reason for the negative event that is specified in the following statement
    • (Because both parents work, there is no one to take care of the child.)
  20. ~(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 모양이다
    (아이가 저 장난감을 갖고 싶은 모양이에오.)
    • used when an action or a state of another is inferred from a certain situation -- 'seems'.
    • (The child seems to want that toy.)
  21. ~(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 셈이다
    (백 명 증 아흔 두 명이 찬성했으니까 거의 다 찬성한 셈이딘.)
    (설치비만 냈으니까 이 에어칸은 공짜로 얻은 셈이다.)
    • used when a statement, not completely corresponding in fact, is to a similar degree or same result considering the circumstances.
    • (92 out of 100 people have agreed so you can say that almost everyone agreed.)
    • (Because I only had to pay the installation fee, it's like I got a free air conditioner.)
  22. ~(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 모르다/알다
    (이렇게 많이 먹을 줄 몰랐어요. 2kg이면 될 줄 알았는데.)
    • presumed thought -- refers to something the subject did not think of; or something the subject thought would happen
    • (I didn't think we would eat this much. I thought 2kg would be enough.)
  23. ~(으)ㄴ가 보다
    (뼈가 상한 것은 아닌가 봐요.)
    • 'seems to be'
    • (The bone doesn't seem to be damaged.)
  24. ~(으)나 마나
    (물어보나 마나 그 사람은 그 사실을 모를 거예요.)
    (그 영화는 유명한 감독이 만든 영화니까 보나 마나 재미있을 거예요.)
    • used to indicate the result in the next statement remains unchanged regardless of the first statement. Mostly used when the reault can be clearly conjectured.
    • (It goes without saying that he does not know the truth.)
    • (It's obvious that the movie will be fun because a famous director made it.)
  25. ~(으)ㄹ 겸 (해서)
    (볼일도 볼 겸 친구도 만날 겸 지난주에 고향에 갔다 왔어요.)
    • used when the action stated in the following statement has more than one objective.
    • (I went to my hometown last week to run a few errands as well as see my friend.)
  26. ~(으)ㄹ 리가 없다
    (그런 설명이 먹혀들 리 없었다.)
    • 'there is no reasonable expectation that...; there is absolutely no reason to suppose that...'
    • (There was no reason to expect that he would buy into that explanation.)
  27. ~(으)ㄹ 만하다
    (그 책 재미있어요? -- 네, 읽을 만해요.)
    • indicates that the action is granted or worthwhile in doing
    • (Is that book fun? -- Yeah, it's worth reading.)
  28. ~(으)ㄹ 뻔하다
    (오늘 늦잠을 자서 하마터면 지각할 뻔했어요.)
    • used when an event almost happened
    • (I could have been tardy because I overslept today.)
  29. ~(으)ㄹ 뿐만 아니라
    (내일은 졸업식 날일 뿐만 아니라 제 생일이기도 해요.)
    • used when the action or situation in the second statement is in addition to that in the first statement
    • (Tomorrow is not only graduation day, but it is also my birthday.)
  30. ~(으)ㄹ 뿐이다
    (잘은 모르고 그냥 이름만 알 뿐이에요.)
    • used when somebody does nothing more than perform the action that is stated even though there is something more important happening.
    • (I don't know her well. I just know her name.)
  31. ~(으)ㄹ 정도(로)
    (아내를 빈잔 줄 정도는 아니게...)
    • 'to the point that/to the extent that'
    • (went as far as giving an empty glass to my wife in a manner which said 'no')
  32. ~(으)ㄹ 지경이다
    (사람들끼리 서로 잡아먹게 될 지경인데...)
    • is on the verge of [something undesirable]; is about to [suffer something]
    • (any minute people would start eating one another...)
  33. ~(으)ㄹ 테니(까)
    (아무래도 월출서 기차를 탈테니까 정거장 목만 지키면 된다구.)
    (수히 갚을 테니 백 원만...)
    • 'since it ia the expectation/anticipation that...will do/be...'; in first person it shows 'intention'
    • (Because she's likely to take the train at Wolchul, all we have to do is guard around (the entrance to the) station.)
    • (Suhi, I'll pay you back, so you can lend me just a hundred won.)
  34. ~(으)ㄹ 텐데,
    (회사 생활이 많이 힘들 텐데 내색을 하지 않아요.)
    • used to indicate a strong possibility that something is true. The following statement gives relevant information or suggests that this cannot be so, giving contradictory information.
    • (Her work life should be quite hard but she doesn't show it.)
  35. ~(으)ㄹ 텐데(요)
    (막차로 돌아올텐데.)
    • expectation, anticipation, intention
    • (I suppose they will be returning with the last bus.)
  36. ~(으)ㄹ 걸 그랬다
    (그 사람 전화번호를 적어 놓을걸 그랬어요.)
    • used to express remorse or regret of what the speaker did not do, or was unable to do
    • (I should have written down his number.)
  37. ~(으)ㄹ까 말까
    (청소를 할까 말까 하다.)
    • 'should do or not' -- haven't decided
    • (I haven't decided whether to clean.)
  38. ~(으)ㄹ까 보다
    (아까 그 방에서 한잠 잘까 봐요.)
    • is thinking of doing/maybe I'll
    • (I think I'll have a nap in that room.)
  39. ~(으)ㄹ까 봐(서)
    (그 분이 저를 오해했을까 봐 걱정이에요.)
    • used when the speaker is worried that an event or a situation stated in the first statement might occur; for fear that
    • (I am worried that she has misunderstood me.)
  40. ~(으)ㄹ까 하다/싶다
    (어쩌면 그가 내 꿈을 들여다보는 것은 아닐까 싶을 때도 있다.)
    • 'one wonders whether it might be the case that..' -- tentative question as quoted thought
    • (There were also times when I wondered whether perhaps he wasn't peering into my dreams.)
  41. ~(으)ㄹ지(도) 모르다
    (친구가 집에 없을지도 모르니까 가기 전에 전화해 보세요.)
    • used when the speaker conjectures a certain situation but is not convinced
    • (My friend might not be at home so call before you go there.)
  42. ~(으)라고 하다
    (의사가 약을 먹으라고 한다.)
    • indirect speech command
    • (The doctor told me to take the medicine.)
  43. ~(으)려던 참이다
    (커피를 마시려던 참인데, 같이 마실래요?)
    • used to indicate an event happens to coincide when the speaker was just about to perform the action or was about to do an action
    • (I was just about to drink some coffee. Would you like to join me?)
  44. ~(으)로 인해(서)
    (지나친 개발로 인해 점점 사라져가는 동물과 식물이 많아지고 있다.)
    • used to express the reason or cause of a situation or event. Used mostly in writing or formal speaking not in general conversation.
    • (There is an increasing number of animals and plants that are disappearing due to excessive development.)
  45. ~(으)면 되다
    (시험에 합격하려면 열심히 공부하면 된다.)
    • all one has to do is...; all one needs is
    • (If you want to pass the test all you must do is study very hard.)