Topik 3 Grammar 문법 복합표현2 게~는.txt

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    • description "Grammar complex endings 게 되다 ~ 는 한편"
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    • ~게 되다
    • (일본으로 또 벌이를 찾아가게 되었다.)
    • 'turning out that; getting to; being arranged so that'
    • (He ended up going to Japan to look for work.)
  1. ~게 하다
    (대화가 자꾸 술을 마시게 했다.)
    • causative: A makes B do something
    • (The conversation prompted me to keep drinking.)
  2. ~고 나니(까)
    (책을 내려놓고 나니(까)...
    • 'now that one [just/recently] finishes doing something, one discovers/realizes...'
    • (Once having put down the books...)
  3. ~고 나면
    (10층까지 오르내리고 나면...)
    • once one does it; after one does it...
    • (After walking up and down ten floors...)
  4. ~고 나서
    (밥을 먹고 나서 커피를 마시는 습관이 있어요.)
    • 'after': used when the first action is followed by the second. If 오 or 가 is used the same subject cannot be used for both statements
    • (I have a habit of drinking coffee after eating a meal.)
  5. ~고 들다
  6. ~고 말고(요)
    (지키고 말고요.)
    • 'of course, certainly, sure'
    • (Of course we'll keep the promise.)
  7. ~고 말다
    (공부를 해야 했는데 잠이 들고 말았다.)
    • used when the speaker performed an unintended action or when something which should not have occurred took place
    • (I was supposed to study, but I ended up falling asleep.)
  8. ~고 보니(까)
    (아이를 낳고 보니 자식에 대한 부모의 마음을 알 것 같아요.)
    • used when something is not known or discovered until an action or event happens
    • (Now that I gave birth, I think I know how parents feel about their children.)
  9. ~고 보면
    (이런 자연 풍광에 몸을 적시고 보면...)
    • reflecting upon what one has done over a prolonged period of time
    • (Once one immerses one's body in nature's scenery...)
  10. ~고(요)
    (가서 주무세요. 기다리지 마시고요.)
    • used for stating an afterthought
    • (Go to bed; don't wait up.)
  11. ~곤 하다
    (비가 오면 할머니께서는 빈대떡을 부쳐 주시곤 해요.)
    • used to show an action done frequently by habit
    • (Whenever it rains, my grandmother makes a Bindaedduk.)
  12. ~기 쉽다
    (한국말 배우기 쉬워요?)
    • easy doing something
    • (Is it easy learning/to learn Korean?)
  13. ~기 십상이다
    (머리를 쥐어박히기가 십상이었다.)
    (그래서 불놀이히기는 십상이었다.)
    • just the right thing; just the way it ought to be; be ideally suited to ~ing
    • (It was natural that he would get punched in the head.)
    • (So it was ideally suited for fireworks.)
  14. ~기 위해(서)
    (알아듣기 위해 귀를 쫑긋 세우곤 했지만..)
    (윤호는 권총을 찾기 위해 다시 사다리 위로 올라갔다.)
    • in order to do
    • (I would always perk up my ears so as to hear, but...)
    • (Yunho went up the ladder again to search for the gun.)
  15. ~기/게 마련이다 (also ~도록 마련이다)
    (그같은 부류의 인간들은 있기 마련입니다.)
    (모든 여자들이 한번씩 꿈꾸어 보기 마련인 독신생활)
    • one cannot help doing/being; one inevitably does/is
    • (It is inevitable that there will be those kinds of people.)
    • (The single life that all women can't help dreaming of once.)
  16. ~기는 하지만
    (남편이긴 하지만...)
    (식탁에 앉기는 하지만...)
    • it is true but; is indeed but; does all right but
    • (I'm her husband alright, but...)
    • (I did sit at the table, but...)
  17. ~기만 하면 (되다)
    (누구라도 부딪치기만 하면...)
    (무진에 오기만 하면...)
    (길게 울어 주기만 하면...)
    • whenever one does it; no sooner does one do it, than
    • (If somebody ever so much as bumped into him...)
    • (Whenever I go to Mujin...)
    • (No sooner did they give out a long cry, than...)
  18. ~ㄴ/는다고 하다
    (소영 씨는 파티가 더 재미있는다고 하다.)
    • indirect quote of person saying they want to continue something
    • (Soyoung says she wants to stay longer at the interesting party.)
  19. ~(이)나 ~(이)나 할 것 없이
    (미국이나 일본이나 할것없이 김연아가 금메달을 따야했다고 생각해요.)
    • both A and B...
    • (Both Americans and Japanese believe that Kim Yuna won the gold medal.)
  20. ~나 보다
    (있다나 보데 -- 있다고 하나 보데)
    (이제 재수가티나 부다! -- 티나 보다)
    • it seems that; I think that (less common on descriptive bases)
    • (It seems that they say they have some, I recall)
    • (Now luck seems to be turning my way!)
  21. ~냐고 하다
    (숀에게 왜 지금 점심을 먹냐고 했다.)
    • indirect question form
    • (Why did you ask Sean if he ate lunch?)
  22. ~는 (도)중에
    (가는 도중에 / 가는 중에)
    • in the middle of doing
    • (I'm going..)
  23. ~는 길에
    (가는 길에)
    • in the middle of doing
    • (I'm in the middle of going...)
  24. ~는 대로
    (나는 그들이 권하는 대로 두 대접이나 마셨다.)
    (마음에 바라는 대로 새 복이 오고있어.)
    • just as jt is/was; in accordance with; depending on how things go/develop; as soon as; no sooner than
    • (I drank the whole two glasses of it just as they told me.)
    • (New good fortune was coming according to their hopes.)
  25. ~는 대신(에)
    (양씨의 말을 빌리는 대신...)
    (잊어버린 것이 없는 대신...)
    • instead; while on the one hand
    • (Instead of borrowing Mr. Yangs words...)
    • (While nothing was missing...)
  26. ~는 덕분에
    (숀 덕분에..)
    (숀이 개산한 덕분에...)
    • thanks to (somebody)
    • (Thanks to Sean...)
    • (Thanks to Sean paying the bill...)
  27. ~는 데 (좋다/나쁘다)
    (이 개임은 시간을 보내는 데 좋다)
    • particle phrase to preface good oe bad
    • (Spending time on this game is good.)
  28. ~는 바람에
    (웃음소리를 내는 바람에 아이는 놀라)
    (차장이 깨우는 바람에...)
    • as a consequence of; due to the influence of -- the upshot is often undesirable
    • (The child startled on account of the loud laughter.)
    • (Because the driver woke me up...)
  29. ~는 사이에
    (바라보는 사이...)
    (자신들은 알지 못하는 사이에...)
    • while; during the interval/space/time
    • (While she was watching...)
    • (Before they could realize it...)
  30. ~는 셈치다
    (그 것을 잃어버린 셈치자)
    • suppose; assume
    • (Let us suppose that we lost it.)
  31. ~는 수(가) 있다/없다
    (제 주둥이로 물어 내버리는 수가 있다)
    • an occassion/instance/event does sometime happen; there are times when...
    • (There are occassions when they pick up their young in their beaks and throw them out.)
  32. ~는 수밖에 (없다)
    (수로로 다니는 수밖에 없었다)
    (섰는 수밖에 없었다)
    • have no choice but to do (be doing)
    • (Have no choice but go by way of the sea.)
    • ([He] had no choice but to stand there.)
  33. ~는 중이다
    (밥을 먹는 중이다)
    • be ~ing
    • (I'm eating.)
  34. ~는 척하다
    (등을 긁어 주는 척)
    • pretend to; act as if
    • (pretending to scratch its back)
  35. ~는 통에
    (버스가 갑자기 출발 하는 통에 넘어졌다)
    (는 통에=는 바람에)
    • a consequence: that
    • (The bus started so suddenly that I fell over.)
  36. ~는 편이다
    (그녀는 아이를 키우고 집안일을 하는 데 소질이 있는 편이었다)
    • is inclined to (verb); is on the (verb)-ing side
    • (She has a knack for raising the kids and managing the house.)
  37. ~는 한
    (할 수 있는 하...)
    (그가 가게에 나타나지 않는 한)
    • so long as; so far as; even if
    • (Insofar as possible)
    • (As long as he didn't show up at the store)
  38. ~는 한편
    (일본은 구조대를 급파하는 한편, 원조를 제공합 준비를 하고 있습니다)
    • meanwhile
    • (Japan is dipatching rescuers and is ready to provide aid.)
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Topik 3 Grammar 문법 복합표현2 게~는.txt
Complex endings in grammar from the official Korean Topik 3/4 grammar list
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