Topik 3 Grammar 문법 종결어미.txt

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busansean
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264447
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Topik 3 Grammar 문법 종결어미.txt
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2014-02-28 20:39:18
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Korean grammar Topik
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Concluding endings in grammar from the official Korean Topik 3/4 grammar list
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    • author "me"
    • tags ""
    • description "Grammar endings in final position"
    • fileName "Topik 3 문법 종결어미"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • ~(ㄴ/는)다
    • (간다 / 먹는다 = 가다 / 먹다)
    • dictionary forms
    • (go / eat = go / eat)
  1. ~(ㄴ/는)다니(요)?
    (숀은 족발을 먹는다니요?)
    • echoed quotation to verify what someone said:
    • (You say that Sean ate jokbal?)
  2. ~(ㄴ/는)다면서(요)?
    (다음 주에 시험을 본다면서요? -- 네)
    • ask confirmation from another person of what the speaker heard elsewhere:
    • (So I hear we are having a test next week? -- Yeah.)
  3. ~(으)ㄴ/는걸(요)
    (좀 더 서두릅시다. 다들 기다리겠는걸요.)
    • used to state a newly discovered fact or one's argument:
    • (Let's hurry a bit more. They must all be waiting.)
  4. ~(으)ㄴ/는데(요)
    (이번 봄에 한국으로 가는데요. (...)거기 봄 날씨는 어떻습니까?)
    (비가 오는데...일직 집에 들어갑시다.)
    • for imminent elaboration meaning one could continue explaining if they wanted:
    • (I'll be going to Korea this spring, so what's the weather like there in spring.)
    • (It's raining today; (in view of this) let's go home early.)
  5. ~(으)ㄴ가(요)?
    (당쟁과 어떤 연관이 있지 않은가 생각됩니다.)
    (재작년엔가.)
    • the question of if/whether: -- wondering to oneself
    • (It occurred to me of whether it is not the case that there is a connection with party rivalry.)
    • (Was it the year before last?)
  6. ~(으)ㄹ걸(요)
    (아버지도 늦게 들어오시든가, 호텔에서 주무시든가 할 걸요.)
    (이따 네시 반에나 있을 걸요.)
    • used to express an accusative tone: 'contrary to what you might think' or '...anyway, so there!'
    • (Contrary to what you think, my father will probably either come home late or else sleep at a hotel.)
    • (The next bus will come about 4:30 I guess.)
  7. ~거든(요)
    (천천히 말씀해 주세오. 외국 사람이거든요.)
    • used to add one's opinion or reason regarding what was previously stated:
    • (Please speak slowly. I am a foreigner.)
  8. ~고말고(요)
    (그 사람을 잘 아나요? -- 네, 알고말고요. 아주 좋은 사람이에요.)
    • confirm a question or agree to what was previously stated:
    • (Do you know the person well? -- Yes, of course. He is a very good person.)
  9. ~기는(요)
    (피아노를 참 잘 치시네요. -- 잘 치기는요. 저보다 더 잘 치시는 분들이 얼마나 많은데요.)
    • used to express disagreement with someone's statement: -- it shows humbleness when offered a compliment
    • (You play the piano very well. -- Play well? There are a lot of people who can play better than I do.)
  10. ~기에(는)
    (이 집은 다섯 사람이 살기에는 좁아요.)
    • used when a situation is given as the basis upon which a judgement is made:
    • (This room is too small for five people to live in.)
  11. V~ㄴ/는다고(요) / N~이라고요
    V or A~냐고요 question
    V ~(으)라고요 /~라고요 commands
    V ~자고요 suggestions
    (오늘은 제가 한턱낼게요. -- 뭐라고요? 한턱내다고요? -- 네, 제가 한턱낸다고요.)
    • used to repeat one's own words or used when the speaker is going to repeat another's words to confirm or protest:
    • (It's my treat today. -- What? You're going to pay today? -- Yes. It's my treat.)
  12. ~나(요)?
    (지난일 그까짓 생각할 건 뭐 있나?)
    • question ending in Familiar or 하네 Style: -- used predominantly by grown ups or social equals and men not yet using the Intimate style
    • (As for thinking to such a degree about past matters, what is the point?)
  13. ~(는)구나
    (정말 친철하구나.)
    (참 불쌍하구나.)
    • meaning of first realization: -- 'Now I see/realize that...!'
    • (How nice of you!)
    • (What a pity!)
  14. ~니/냐?
    (도꾜가 어떠니?)
    • question ending in simple style:
    • (How is Tokyo?)
  15. ~더군(요)
    (사람은 누구나 혼자라고 그러더군요.)
    • retrospective: -- 'now that I look back on/think about it, I realize...'
    • (Now that I think about it, we're all alone in this life.)
  16. ~더라
    (그 커피숖은 일찍 문을 닫더라.)
    • conveys a new experience or feeling to a friend or subordinate: not used for speakers own actions
    • (That cafe closes early, I recall.)
  17. ~더라고(요)
    (새로 생긴 마트가 다른 마트보다 비싸더라고요.)
    • used to convey new knowledge/facts discovered thru personal experience:
    • (Products in the new supermarket are more expensive than at other supermarkets.)
  18. ~던가(요)
    (어제 시험을 봤아요. -- 시험이 어렵던가요? -- 아니요, 생각보다 어렵지 않더라고요.)
    • used to inquire what the other person experienced: usually a response comes with ~던데요 or ~더라고요
    • (I took a test yesterday? -- Was the test hard? -- No, it wasn't as difficult as it seemed.)
  19. ~던데(요)
    (미선 씨 못 봤아요? -- 복도에서 전화하던데요.)
    • retrospective: used to express what the speaker witnessed in the past and now explaining in the present
    • (Did you see Misun? -- She was talking on the phone in the hallway, as I recall.)
  20. ~아/어/(이)야
    (동물의 생태를 연구하는 클럽야.)
    • intimate style ending:
    • (It's a club for studying animal ecology.)
  21. ~아/어라
    (먹어라.)
    • plain style imperative:
    • (Eat.)
  22. ~아/어야지
    (나야 뭐 하는 일이 있어야지.)
    • intimate style for has to/must do: [of course/don't you know]
    • (If only I had something to do...)
  23. ~자
    (가자.)
    • plain style suggestions:
    • (Let's go.)
  24. ~잖아(요)
    (잊혀지잖아(요)?)
    • come on; isn't that right...
    • (They got forgotten, right?)
  25. ~(는)군(요)
    (게으름뱅이군요!)
    (비만 오지 않으면 좋겠군요!)
    • first realization -- 'Now I see/realize that...'
    • (So, your a lazy bones, I see.)
    • (Well, then, I guess we just have to hope it won't rain!)
  26. ~(으)니까(요)
    (뭐뭐 했으니까요.)
    • because (of)
    • (Because he did something.)
  27. ~아/어서(요)
    (뭐뭐 했어요.)
    • because (of)
    • (Because he did something.)

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