hearing aids for children and adults

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  1. invention of the hearing aid
    • amp hearing aid is most important invention
    • fitting of the hearing aid is the first step in intervention process
    • more than just ultra-miniature electro acoustic amps
    • sophisticated personal signal processing systems
    • hearing aid and technically elaborate coupling system which directs the signal toward tm
  2. what doctors are involved in hearing aid
    • otolaryngologist
    • pedia
    • AuD
    • SLP
    • teacher of the deaf
    • social worker
    • public health worker
  3. why is amplification important
    significantly better lang development is achieved when child's hearing loss is diagnosed and early intervention is provided by the age of 6 months
  4. how does hearing aid alter hearing
    • 1. mic->changes acoustic signal into electrical signals
    • 2.amp->enhances or incr intensity of electrical signal
    • 3. receiver ->changes signal back into amp acoustic sound
  5. what is a hearing aid suppose to do
    • make sounds i can't hear louder (sounds waves made into larger sound waves)
    • change a pressure wave (sound wave) into an identicla electrical signal that can be manipulated
    • manipulate that electrical signal (make it larger, add gain) needs to be loud enough to be heard
    • change that electrical signal back into a pressured wave (sound wave) so eardrum can receive it
  6. public law 94-142
    • ed for all handicapped children act of 1975
    • state that each public agency shall ensure that the hearing aids are properly working
  7. federal regulation of 1977
    • medical eval (must b with ENT) within 6 months waiver is not permitted for under 18 yrs
    • AuD required for children
  8. hearing aid goals
    • make soft sounds audible
    •     -add lots of gain
    • make normal speech comfortable
    •     -add some gain
    • keep loud sounds comfortable
    •     -add very little or no gain
  9. what are hearing aids not suppose to do
    • amplify things i don't want to hear
    • like:
    • things that interfere with what i want to hear
    • anything so loud it hurts my ear
    • that comes from behind me
    • don't amp anything in the original sound wave
    • no feedback
  10. mark ross
    don't discourage use of amp just because one can get along without using it
  11. hearing aid must have
    • gain
    • output
    • freq response (how it is set up to follow the hearing loss, hearing loss has to amp enough for the person to hear)
    • all influenced by the age, motor skills, cosmetic consideration, cost
  12. direct audio input
    allows for direct conneciton of the hearing aid to telephone receiver, radio, tv etc
  13. is fitting for hearing aid quick for a young child?
    • no because it is a continuing process since young children have not developed a listening strategy
    • young children have to develop the hearing strategy
  14. binaural summation
    • when the sound is presented binaurally, it is perceived louder than if the same sound is presented monaurally
    • have two hearing aids rather than one
  15. head shadow
    • elimination of head shadow
    • occurs when an indiv is wearing a single hearing aid and speech is presented from the non-aided side
    • sound bends around the head to reach hearing aid on the other side
    • 6-12 db attenuation
  16. binaural squelch
    • term applied to reported ability of the auditory system to diminish noise or reverberation more efficiently when the input is received from 2 ears rather than 1.
    • this increases speech recog in background noise
  17. why are binaural hearing aids good
    • 1. auditory localization
    • 2. improved sound quality
    • 3. spatial balance
    • 4. ease of listening
  18. auditory deprivation
    basically, if there is amp in one ear, the other normal ear diminishes hearing as the amp ear takes over essentially
  19. frequency response
    the output of the transducer in cycles per second across time
  20. output
    • max power output describes the decibel level of the greatest possible intensity that a hearing aid is capable of producing through amp
    • hearing aid should not be louder than 85-100
  21. gain
    difference in amp between the input signal and output signal
  22. If the loudness of average speech at three feet away equals 50dB, and the output from the hearing aid equals 90dB, what is the gain of the hearing aid?
    the hearing aid has 40 db gain
  23. prescriptive formulas
    an ideal hearing aid fitting process is a patient centered process with objective and subjective verification as the natural endpoint to the process
  24. methods to set hearing aids
    • DSL-provides max audibility while maintaining comfortable loudness (for the patient) across all input levels, DESIGNATED SENSATION LEVEL
    • NAL-is a thresh based procedure that prescribes gain-freq responses for different input levels, or the compression ratios at different freqs, in wide dynamic range compression hearing aids
    •     -used for profound losses
Card Set
hearing aids for children and adults
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