Disease & Epidemic

Card Set Information

Author:
Sypes
ID:
264479
Filename:
Disease & Epidemic
Updated:
2014-03-01 09:43:15
Tags:
Microbiology
Folders:

Description:
Microbiology- Disease & Epidemic
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Sypes on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Enable establishment (adhesion, enzymes, toxins)
    Virulence factors
  2. Bacteria cause disease by
    Adhering to host, colonizing, & releasing substances
  3. Lyse (split) red blood cells
    Hemolysins
  4. Destroys white blood cells
    Leukocidins
  5. Accelerates blood clotting
    Coagulase
  6. Digests blood clots
    Streptokinase
  7. Infect nervous systems
    Neurotoxins
  8. Infect digestive system
    Enterotoxins
  9. Fungi, worms, & parasites- attach to host, ingest cells and
    Release toxic waste
  10. Study of factors and mechanisms in the spread of diseases in a population
    Epidemiology
  11. Number of new cases in a specific time period
    Incidence
  12. Number of people infected at one time
    Prevalence
  13. Number of cases per population
    Morbidity rate
  14. Number of deaths per population
    Mortality rate
  15. Several isolated cases appear in a population (random, isolated)
    Sporadic disease
  16. Many cases in a population and patients are sufficiently harmed to create a public health problem
    Epidemic
  17. Originates with a single, contaminated substance (water supply)
    Common-source outbreak
  18. Spread by human contact
    Propagated epidemic
  19. Epidemic diseases spread over an exceptionally wide geographic area
    Pandemic
  20. Humans, other animals, and nonliving sources from which infectious diseases can be
    Transmitted
  21. Carry the disease but are not infected themselves
    Carriers
  22. Diphtheria, typhoid fever, hepatitis, tuberculosis
    Carriers
  23. Diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans
    Zoonoses
  24. Malaria, yellow fever, rabies, plague, Leptospirosis
    Zoonoses
  25. Broken skin, ear, eye, nose, mouth, urethra
    Portals of entry
  26. Tears, ear wax, salvia, nasal secretions, blood, semen, urine, feces, dead skin
    Portals of exit
  27. Person-to-person (syphilis, herpes)
    Direct contact
  28. Parent-to-offspring (AIDS)
    Horizontal/Vertical transmission
  29. Through fomites (inanimate objects) (tetanus, cold, ringworm) and droplets (cold, flu, measles)
    Indirect
  30. Water (cholera, lepto), air (chickenpox, TB, flu), food (botulism, salmonella, hep A, tapeworm)
    Vehicles
  31. Arthropods (malaria)
    Vectors
  32. (typhoid, rabies)
    Carriers & Zoonoses
  33. Prevention of contact
    Isolation
  34. Separation of "healthy" carrier from rest of population
    Quarantine
  35. Vaccines, antibiotics
    Immunization
  36. Insecticides, rodenticides
    Vector control

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview