Simple Apprehension

Card Set Information

Author:
mgalang
ID:
264530
Filename:
Simple Apprehension
Updated:
2014-03-01 16:04:05
Tags:
Logic
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Description:
Simple Apprehension-Commentary
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  1. Intentionality;  First Intention; Second Intention
    - being referential to another. Knowledge is of something.

     - an actual being in the world, e.g., a dog. 

     - a mental being, e.g., the idea of a dog.
  2. Sign
    - represents another.
  3. Signatum
    - the thing represented.
  4. Material Sign
    - has its own existence other than being a sign.
  5. Formal Sign
    - is only a sign and nothing else. Only ideas
  6. Natural Sign
    - not man-made.
  7. Artificial Sign
    - man-made
  8. Concept
    - an intellectual abstraction of the essence of a thing.
  9. Comprehension
    - the definition of the concept, e.g., “rational animal.”
  10. Extension
    - the things to which the concept applies, e.g., “all humans.”
  11. Simple Concept:
    “apple”
  12. Complex Concept:
    “green apple”
  13. Concrete Concept:
    “human”
  14. Abstract Concept:
    “humanity”
  15. Collective Concept:
    “All the feathers weigh 50 pounds.”
  16. Divisive Concept:
    “Each of the feathers can be used to tickle someone.”
  17. Material Object
    - the actual being which is considered by the mind, e.g., “a door.”
  18. Formal Object
    - the aspect or part which is being considered, e.g., “the color of the door.”
  19. Term
    - a verbal or written expression of a concept. Conventional, i.e., agreed upon, as opposed to concepts, which are natural.
  20. Subject
    - the term being spoken about.
  21. Predicate
    - what is being said about the subject.
  22. Copula
    - the verb “is,” which joins the Subject and the Predicate.
  23. Univocal Terms
    - used in exactly the same sense: “The Poodle barks and the Doberman barks.”
  24. Equivocal Terms
    - used in totally different senses: “The Doberman barks at the bark of the tree.”
  25. Analogical Terms
    - used in similar, but not identical, senses: “You seem healthy. Are eggs healthy for you?”

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