Fund Unit 2: Nutrition & Safety

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Author:
MeganM
ID:
264546
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Fund Unit 2: Nutrition & Safety
Updated:
2014-03-01 18:59:05
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Fundamentals
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Fundamentals
Description:
Ch 26 & 36
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  1. Specific biochemical substances used by the body for growth, development, activity, reproduction, lactaion, health maintenance, and recovery from illness or injury.
    Nutrients
  2. What is an essential nutrient?
    either not synthesized in the body or are made in insufficient amounts.
  3. WHAT IS BASAL METABOLISM?
    The energy required to carry on the involuntary activities of the body at rest.
  4. A BMI of ______ is underweight.
    below 18.5
  5. A BMI of ______ is overweight.
    25-29.9
  6. A BMI of ______ is obese, and ____ is extreme obesity.
    30 or higher, 40 or higher
  7. The six classes of nutrients and their GENERAL functions.
    • Carbs, proteins, fats = supply energy
    • Vitamins, minerals, water = regulate body processes
  8. What are proteins important for?
    formation of all body strutures, including genes, enzymes, muscle, bone matrix, skin, and blood.
  9. Where is cholesterol especially abundant?
    brain and nerve cells
  10. What is cholesterol used for?
    to sythesize bile acids and is a precursor of the steroid hormones and vitamin D.
  11. Most vitamins are in the form of _______ which help facilitate thousands of chem rxns in the body.
    coenzymes
  12. Why are vitamins needed?
    for the metabolism of macromolecules.
  13. Minerals are INORGANIC elements found in all body fluids and tissues in the form of ______ or combined with _______.
    • salts (ex-NaCl)
    • organic compounds (ex - iron w/ hemoglobin)
  14. Which macro minerals are needed by the body in amounts greather than 100 mg/day?
    • calcium
    • phosphorus
    • sulfur
    • sodium
    • chloride
    • potassium
    • magnesium
  15. What is obesity?
    • body wt of 20% or more above ideal or
    • BMI of 30 or more
  16. Synthesis of ______ declines with age and a level below _____ may be a reflection of aging rather than a nutritional risk factor.
    • albumin,
    • 3.5 mg/dL
  17. ______ measurements are used to determine body dimensions.
    anthropometric
  18. What is enteral nutrition?
    administering nutrients directly into the stomach
  19. What is parenteral nutrition?
    providing nutrition via IV therapy
  20. In what kind of pt may a nasointestinal tube (thru nose and into upper portion of sm intestine) be indicated?
    • pt with increased risk for aspiration due to diminished gag reflex or 
    • slow gastric motility
  21. What type of patients should not get NG tubes?
    • those with a dysfunctional gag reflex,
    • high risk of aspiration,
    • gastric stasis,
    • gastroesophageal reflux,
    • nasal injuries,
    • unable to have head of bed elevated during feedings

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