ASSESSMENT 2

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MeganM
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264571
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ASSESSMENT 2
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2014-03-02 18:54:17
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Assessment 2
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Assessment 2
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  1. Wheal
    smooth, rounded, slightly raised area often associated with itching
  2. Psoriasis
    A condition or process of itching
  3. Patches of crusty papules with erythematous or red circular borders and silvery scales are evidence of this disorder.
    psoriasis
  4. Inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by erythema, vesicles, and crusting with scales
    Eczema
  5. An open sore or crater that extends to the dermis resulting from destruction of the skin; usually heals with scarring.
    ulcer
  6. Crack or break in the skin; a slit of ANY size.
    fissure
  7. redness on the skin
    erythema
  8. Abnormal condition signaled by bluish discoloration of tissue (63).
    cyanosis
  9. Immunity.
    protection against disease
  10. A molecule generated in specific opposition to an antigen.
    antibody
  11. Substance that induces sensitivity or an immune response in the form of antibodies.
    antigen
  12. Swelling of the subcutaneous tissues due to obstruction of lymph vessels or nodes.
    lymphedema
  13. WBC that clears away pathogens and debris.
    phagocyte
  14. What causes lymphedema?
    An infection or an obstruction of the lymph vessels resulting from tumors or surgical excision of nodes (p 215).
  15. The process that allows the shape of the lens to change for near and far vision.
    accommodation
  16. wax-like secretion occurring in the external auditory canal.
    cerumen
  17. Condition that occurs when visual acuity is not the same in both eyes; also called "lazy eye"
    amblyopia
  18. Nearsightedness; images fall in front of the retina.
    Myopia
  19. Farsightedness resulting from loss of elasticity of the lens due to aging, eyeball is too short and images fall behind the retina.
    Presbyopia
  20. Formation of spongy bone in the inner ear producing hear loss.
    otosclerosis
  21. A chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by vertigo, tinnitus, and periodic hearing loss.
    Meniere syndrome
  22. Dizziness and possibly a loss of balance; frequently seen in pts with Meniere syndrome.
    vertigo
  23. Ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in the ears.
    tinnitus
  24. A progressive hearing loss that may occur with age.
    presbycusis
  25. Anacusis.
    total deafness
  26. fungal infection of the head.
    tinea capitis
  27. -megaly
    enlargement
  28. redness and irritation caused by injury or abnormal stimulation by a physical, chemical, or biologic agent.
    inflammation
  29. Deflection of a ray of light into the eye for accomodation or correction of vision as it passes from one medium to another of different density.
    refraction
  30. Double vision; simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, or diagonally.
    Diplopia
  31. Thin, shallow cut on surface of skin.
    scratch
  32. What is intraocular pressure determined by?
    • balance b/w amt of aqueous produced,
    • and resistance to its outflow
    • at angle of anterior chamber
  33. Clumping of proteins in the lens; lens opacity
    cataract
  34. What is cholesteatoma?
    • overgrowth of epiermal issue in the middle ear or temporal bone
    • can erode bone and produce hearing loss
  35. How do you accomodate for a pt with sensorineural?
    ask what medications pt is on; can be a cause of it
  36. What is hyperresonance and what could it mean?
    • LOW-pitched, booming sound (percussion)
    • emphysema & pneumothorax
  37. What is resonance?
    NORMAL sound (percussion) - a LOW-pitched, clear, HOLLOW sound
  38. Wht could a dull (soft & muffled) percussion mean?
    • abnormal density in lungs
    • pneumonia¬†
    • pleural effusion
    • atelectasis
    • tumor
  39. What is gingival hyperplasia?
    • painless enlargement of gums
    • occurs with:
    • hormonal imbalances in pregnancy
    • leukemia
    • puberty
    • long therapeutic use of dilantin
  40. Bivid Uvula can be normal in which people?
    American Indians
  41. What is Kaposi Sarcoma?
    • bruiselike, dark red or violet confluent macule
    • usually on hard palate
  42. s/s of allergic rhinitis?
    gray, swollen, boggy
  43. What is gynecomastia?
    benign enlargement of male breast
  44. Some causes of gynecomastia.
    • obesity
    • cushing syndrome
    • liver cirrhosis¬†
    • adrenal disease
    • anabolic steroids
    • hyPERthyroidism
    • testosterone deficiency
  45. What is nipple inversion?
    has no broadening and is not fixed (not to be confused with retraction)
  46. What is nipple retraction?
    • recent retraction suggests cancer
    • causes fibrosis of whole duct system & pulls the nipple in
  47. Groups of axillary nodes that to assess in breasts?
    • Central
    • Pectoral
    • Lateral
    • Subscapular
  48. cellular destruction of lymphocytes, especially of certain ones on process of IMMUNE RESPONSE.
    Lympholysis

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