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smooth, rounded, slightly raised area often associated with itching
A condition or process of itching
Patches of crusty papules with erythematous or red circular borders and silvery scales are evidence of this disorder.
Inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by erythema, vesicles, and crusting with scales
An open sore or crater that extends to the dermis resulting from destruction of the skin; usually heals with scarring.
Crack or break in the skin; a slit of ANY size.
redness on the skin
Abnormal condition signaled by bluish discoloration of tissue (63).
protection against disease
A molecule generated in specific opposition to an antigen.
Substance that induces sensitivity or an immune response in the form of antibodies.
Swelling of the subcutaneous tissues due to obstruction of lymph vessels or nodes.
WBC that clears away pathogens and debris.
What causes lymphedema?
An infection or an obstruction of the lymph vessels resulting from tumors or surgical excision of nodes (p 215).
The process that allows the shape of the lens to change for near and far vision.
wax-like secretion occurring in the external auditory canal.
Condition that occurs when visual acuity is not the same in both eyes; also called "lazy eye"
Nearsightedness; images fall in front of the retina.
Farsightedness resulting from loss of elasticity of the lens due to aging, eyeball is too short and images fall behind the retina.
Formation of spongy bone in the inner ear producing hear loss.
A chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by vertigo, tinnitus, and periodic hearing loss.
Dizziness and possibly a loss of balance; frequently seen in pts with Meniere syndrome.
Ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in the ears.
A progressive hearing loss that may occur with age.
fungal infection of the head.
redness and irritation caused by injury or abnormal stimulation by a physical, chemical, or biologic agent.
Deflection of a ray of light into the eye for accomodation or correction of vision as it passes from one medium to another of different density.
Double vision; simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, or diagonally.
Thin, shallow cut on surface of skin.
What is intraocular pressure determined by?
- balance b/w amt of aqueous produced,
- and resistance to its outflow
- at angle of anterior chamber
Clumping of proteins in the lens; lens opacity
What is cholesteatoma?
- overgrowth of epiermal issue in the middle ear or temporal bone
- can erode bone and produce hearing loss
How do you accomodate for a pt with sensorineural?
ask what medications pt is on; can be a cause of it
What is hyperresonance and what could it mean?
- LOW-pitched, booming sound (percussion)
- emphysema & pneumothorax
What is resonance?
NORMAL sound (percussion) - a LOW-pitched, clear, HOLLOW sound
Wht could a dull (soft & muffled) percussion mean?
- abnormal density in lungs
- pleural effusion
What is gingival hyperplasia?
- painless enlargement of gums
- occurs with:
- hormonal imbalances in pregnancy
- long therapeutic use of dilantin
Bivid Uvula can be normal in which people?
What is Kaposi Sarcoma?
- bruiselike, dark red or violet confluent macule
- usually on hard palate
s/s of allergic rhinitis?
gray, swollen, boggy
What is gynecomastia?
benign enlargement of male breast
Some causes of gynecomastia.
- cushing syndrome
- liver cirrhosis
- adrenal disease
- anabolic steroids
- testosterone deficiency
What is nipple inversion?
has no broadening and is not fixed (not to be confused with retraction)
What is nipple retraction?
- recent retraction suggests cancer
- causes fibrosis of whole duct system & pulls the nipple in
Groups of axillary nodes that to assess in breasts?
cellular destruction of lymphocytes, especially of certain ones on process of IMMUNE RESPONSE.