psychology ch 5 study guide

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psychology ch 5 study guide
2014-03-02 15:23:58
psychology study guide
psychology ch 5 study guide
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  1. Problem of other minds
    the fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others
  2. mind/body problem
    the issue of how the mind is related to the brain and body
  3. 4 basic properties of consciousness
    • 1) consciousness has intentionality - being directed towards an object
    • 2) Consciousness has unity- or resistance to division. 
    • 3) Consciousness has selectivity - the capacity to include some objects but not others.
    • 4)Consciousnesses has transience - or the tendency to change
  4. the rebound effect of thought
    The tendency of a thought to return to consciousness with greater frequency following suppression

    Thought suppression - the conscious avoidance of a thought 

    The act of trying to suppress a thought may itself cause that thought to return to consciousness in a robust way
  5. ironic processes of mental control
    Mental processes that can produce ironic errors because monitoring for errors can itself produce them

    ie: self fulling prophesy
  6. Freudian concept of repression
    a mental process that removes unacceptable thoughts and memories from consciousness
  7. Freudian concept of unconsciousness
    an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner struggle to control these forces
  8. modern views on cognitive unconsciousness
    Cognitive Unconscious: all mental processes that are not experience by a person but that give rise to the person's thoughts, choices, emotions, and behavior. 

    it is seen as a factory that builds the products of conscious thought and behavior
  9. Rem Sleep
    a stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and a high level of brain activity

    associated with dreaming
  10. normal sleep cycle
    • awake, drowsy, stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4, stage 3, stage 2, stage 1, Rem.... 
    • it takes 90 minutes to reach stage 4, and 2 1/2 hours to reach rem.
  11. insomnia
    difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  12. sleep apnea
    a disorder in which the person stops breathing for brief periods while asleep
  13. somnambulism (sleep walking)
    occurs when the person arises and walks around while asleep
  14. narcolepsy
    a disorder in which sudden sleep attacks occur in the middle of waking activites
  15. meditation
    the practice of intentional contemplation

    during meditation, the brain has low levels of activation in the parietal lobe... (ie relaxation)