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  1. intelligence
    • the ability to learn, to meet the demands of the environment effectively, and to understand and control one's mental activities
    • later added metacognition - the ability to understand and control one's mental activities.
  2. Gardners Multiple intelligences
    • linguistic
    • logical/mathematical
    • musical
    • spatial
    • bodily/kinesthetic
    • interpersonal
    • intrapersonal
    • naturalistic
  3. modular theory
    • gardners theory of intelligence is often called
    • because the various intelligences are thought to emanate from different areas, or modules, of the brain
  4. hierarchical model of intelligence
    • prevailing view of today
    • factor at work in every task that we confront in life, while specific abilities and special factors come into play for some tasks but not others
  5. measures of divergent thinking
    • seeing how many different ways people can think about simple objects or events
    • ex. how many different uses are there for a brick
  6. what is creativity nurtured, inspired and refined by
  7. Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of INtelligence
    • shares gardeners view that intelligence is not a unitary mental function
    • made up of 3 interacting components
    • internal (analytic)
    • external (creative)
    • experiential (practical)
  8. how did skinner see personality
    • was a situationist
    • saw them simply and a certain constancy ;in what he called response tendencies
  9. response tendencies
    • skinner
    • that we approach life in a certain way because some of our behaviours have been rewarding to us in the past while other behaviours have not
  10. 4 environmental influences on intelligence
    • family and home
    • culture
    • occupation
    • schooling
  11. more complex jobs lead to
    intellectual flexibility and independent judgement among employees
  12. eeg test
    • look a brain speed and intelligence
    • people with faster eeg test results score higher on intelligence tests
    • more intelligent people may be physiologically wired to acquire and use information more quickly than others
  13. libido
    • freud's sexual energy
    • fuels the id
  14. self concept
    • carl rogers
    • a pattern of perception that remains consitent over time and can be used to characterize an in
  15. trait theorists assumptions
    • 1. People have innate tendencies to respond to situations in certain ways (traits)
    • 2. these tendencies can be linked together to form broad habits (central Traits)
    • 3. Such principles can be used to form the foundation of scientifically testable theory
  16. Hans Eysenck
    • first to use factor analysis with personalitys
    • used factor analysis to identify traits that cluster together to form fundamental dimensions of personality
    • called superfactors
  17. extravert personality traits - Eysenck
    impulsive, sociability and assertiveness
  18. introvert personality traits - Eysenck
    thoughtfulness, reliability and passivity
  19. Neuroticism - Eysenck
    the degree to which a person tends to experience negative emotions, also know as mental instability
  20. Do traits and the behaviours they produce remain stable across situations
    • yes/no
    • study of college students on levels of conscientiousness
    • found that levels of conscientiousness were relatively stable across similar situations but not particularly consistent across very different situations
  21. Trait stability over years
    • more stable over a short period of time than over years
    • inconsistent across a lifetime
    • but traits become increasingly more stable across the adult years
  22. disposition-situation consistency
    • interactive effects between dispositions (traits) and situations are common, and that disposition-situation relationships often show stability
    • ex. tamara is more outgoing than her sister when she decides to go for a run, but less outgoing than her sister when visiting a museum in order to please her friends
  23. minnesota study of twins reared apart
    • identical twins proved to be substantially more similar on every psychological dimension than fraternal twins
    • agreeableness and openness has particulalry strong genetic links
  24. inhibited temperment has what
    higher cortisol levels
  25. disinhibition versus contraint
    how we regulate our various emotions
  26. organizing research findings on what happens in the brain
    • negative emotionality
    • positive emotionality
    • disinhibition versus constraint
  27. self schemas
    • an individuals cognitive framework for knowledge he has about himself
    • men more likely to emphasize autonomy and independence
    • women more likely to have collectivist or relationship based schemas
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missed text cards
2014-03-03 01:49:13

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