Semester 1_Pharmacology_Process_Unit_1_Definitions_Elisa_GBC_1

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Semester 1_Pharmacology_Process_Unit_1_Definitions_Elisa_GBC_1
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Semester Pharmacology Process Unit Definitions Elisa GBC
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Semester 1_Pharmacology_Process_Unit_1_Definitions_Elisa_GBC_1
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  1. Pharmacology
    the study of drugs and there interactions with living organisms.
  2. Toxicology
    • the toxic effect of drugs.
    • includes detection & symptoms of poisonous drugs
    • along with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions caused by poisonous drugs
  3. Pharmacodynamics
    What is the action and effect of what the drug does to the body
  4. Pharmacokinetics
    • What the body does to the dug. 
    • How the body breaks down the drug
  5. Pharmacognosy
    • What is the source of the drug
    • Where does it come from? (animal, plant? man made)
  6. Pharmacotherapeutic
    Is the use of drugs and clinical indication of drugs to PREVENT and TREAT disease
  7. Drug is?
    Any chemical that acts on living cells at the molecular level.
  8. Indication (USE)
    Is the therapeutic use of a drug.

    Ex. Ascorbic Acid (Vit. C).  The use is to prevent and treat scurvy
  9. Action:
    The way a specific drug  produces change in the function of cells, tissue or organs.

    Ex. Antacids - Neutralize stomach acid.

    Action represents how the drug works on a cellular level.
  10. Effect is?
    Describes the PHYSIOLOGICAL change brought about by the drug.

    Ex. Antacids are bases that combine with stomach acids to neutralize stomach acid
  11. Therapeutic Effect?
    The desired effect of the medication.
  12. Side/Adverse effects?
    Are effects of a drug that are not intended
  13. Interaction:
    The action of a drug taken into the body is altered by the presence in the body of another drug or food
  14. ABSORPTION IS?
    How drug moves from point of entry (mouth, IV etc) into the blood stream
  15. Distribution is ?
    How the drug get to where it is suppose to go
  16. Metabolism
    Organs that break down the drug
  17. Excretion is ?
    The means by which the drug is removed from the body. (kidneys excret most drugs)
  18. CONTRADICTION is?
    • meaning it is not used for this?
    • Medication treatment is improper or unsuitable

    Ex. Pregnancy is a CONTRAINDICATION for intakes of alcohol
  19. Caution?
    any condition limiting the use of a drug
  20. Availability?
    How is it available? Pill, tablet, capsule?
  21. Duration of drug?
    This is how long the drug will work
  22. Beta Blocker = olol
    • The Therapeutic use is - Sympatholyics
    • (Drugs that inhibit nerve impulses in the sympathetic nervous system)
    • Often used to treat high blood pressure
  23. Benzodiazepines = azepam
                               azolam
    Therapeutic use to treat anxiety (worry/nervousness) or insomnia (cant sleep)
  24. HMG-Co reductase inhibitor = Lowers cholesterol
    SUFFIX = statin
  25.  
  26. Serotonin Receptor antagonists = "setron"
    therapeutic use is to Antiemetic (prevent vomiting)
  27. ACE inhibitor = "pril"
    therapeutic use: anti-hypertensives (lower blood pressure)
  28. Monoclonal antibodies = "mab"
    • Therapeutic Use = (T.U)
    • * Immunomodulators (regulate or modify the immune system by inducing,enhacing or suppressing the immune system.)
  29. Histamine Receptors Antagonist =
    "tidine"
    Are used for anti-hyperacidity (increase of acidity in the stomach)
  30. Proton Pump Inhibitor = "prazole"
    used for Anit-hyperacidty
  31. Coagulation modifier =
    • eparin
    • parin

    The use is for Anticoagulant (stopd blood from clotting)
  32. Drug group = Corrticosteriod
    T.U. = Anti-inflammatory (used to reduce imflammation)
    Suffix = isone
  33. drug group = Antimicrobbial
    T.U. = Antiviral (drugs effective against virus)
    SUFFIX = ovir
  34. Drug group = Anaesthesia

    T.U. = Local 
    Anaesthetic (a substance that reduces the sensitivity to pain)
    • SUFFIX - caine
  35. Drug group - Azole
    T.U. = Anti fungal agent (fights fungas)
    SUFFIX = azole
  36. Drug group = ACE antagonist
    T.U. = Anti-hypertensive (reduces high blood pressure)
    SUFFIX = sartan
  37. Drug group = Dihydropyridine
    T.U. = Calcium channel blocker
    suffix = dipine
  38. Drug - Morphine
    T.U. = Analgesics (to relieve pain)
    Pharmacologic class = Opioides (chemical the reduces pain signals sent to the brain)

    • * Body system this drug works in is:
    • CNS
  39. Drug Name: Aspirin
    T.U. = Analgesic (acting to relieve pain) / Anti-pyretic (against fever) / Anti-inflammatory (against redness, swollen, hot)
    Pharmacologic class = non-opiod (meds that DON NOT contain opiods), non-steriod anti-inflammatory(NSAIDS)

    * Body system this drug works in is = CNS
  40. Drug name: Librium - trade name for CHLORDIAZEPOXIDE
                    Valium - trade name for diazepam
    T.U. = Anxiolytic, (to reduce anxiety) to sedate / hypnotics (sleep inducing drug)
    Pharmacological class = benzodiazepine (organic compound used as a tranquillizer)

    * Body system is CNS
  41. Drug: Chlorpromazine
    a synthetic drug used as a tranquilizer, sedative, and antiemetic.
  42. What is Risperidone?
    Risperidone is an atypical antipsychotic drug which is mainly used to treat schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, the mixed and manic states associated with bipolar disorder. (works in CNS)
  43. Trade name: Phenytoin
    Proto-type name: Dilantin
    • Is an anti-seizure medication (anticonvulsant) used for preventing or treating generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures, complex partial seizures (psychomotor seizures), and seizures occurring during or after neurosurgery.
    • Epilepsy
  44. Trade name = not given in handout
    Proto type name = Imipramine
    is an antidepressant medication prescribed for the treatment of chronic pain, depression, and bedwetting
  45. Trade name: Lithobid
    Proto type name: Lithium
    Used for the treatment of manic/depressive (bipolar) and depressive disorders

    * Mood stabilizing agent
  46. Proto type name: Levodopa or Carbidopa
    Trade (store) name: Parcopa, Sinemet
    • Is a medicine used to control symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
    • It helps reduce tremor, stiffness, and slowness and helps improve muscle control, balance, and walking.
  47. Proto type name: Dextroamphetamine
    Trade (store) name: ?
    is used for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.

    Amphetamines stimulate the brain by increasing the level of neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain.
  48. Proto type name: Methylphenidate
    Trade (store) name: Ritalin
    Is used to improve mental activity in attention deficit disorder and other conditions. (Brain stimulant)

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