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the study of drugs and there interactions with living organisms.
- the toxic effect of drugs.
- includes detection & symptoms of poisonous drugs
- along with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions caused by poisonous drugs
What is the action and effect of what the drug does to the body
- What the body does to the dug.
- How the body breaks down the drug
- What is the source of the drug
- Where does it come from? (animal, plant? man made)
Is the use of drugs and clinical indication of drugs to PREVENT and TREAT disease
Any chemical that acts on living cells at the molecular level.
Is the therapeutic use of a drug.
Ex. Ascorbic Acid (Vit. C). The use is to prevent and treat scurvy
The way a specific drug produces change in the function of cells, tissue or organs.
Ex. Antacids - Neutralize stomach acid.
Action represents how the drug works on a cellular level.
Describes the PHYSIOLOGICAL change brought about by the drug.
Ex. Antacids are bases that combine with stomach acids to neutralize stomach acid
The desired effect of the medication.
Are effects of a drug that are not intended
The action of a drug taken into the body is altered by the presence in the body of another drug or food
How drug moves from point of entry (mouth, IV etc) into the blood stream
Distribution is ?
How the drug get to where it is suppose to go
Organs that break down the drug
Excretion is ?
The means by which the drug is removed from the body. (kidneys excret most drugs)
- meaning it is not used for this?
- Medication treatment is improper or unsuitable
Ex. Pregnancy is a CONTRAINDICATION
for intakes of alcohol
any condition limiting the use of a drug
How is it available? Pill, tablet, capsule?
Duration of drug?
This is how long the drug will work
Beta Blocker = olol
- The Therapeutic use is - Sympatholyics
- (Drugs that inhibit nerve impulses in the sympathetic nervous system)
- Often used to treat high blood pressure
Benzodiazepines = azepam
Therapeutic use to treat anxiety (worry/nervousness) or insomnia (cant sleep)
HMG-Co reductase inhibitor = Lowers cholesterol
SUFFIX = statin
Serotonin Receptor antagonists = "setron"
therapeutic use is to Antiemetic (prevent vomiting)
ACE inhibitor = "pril"
therapeutic use: anti-hypertensives (lower blood pressure)
Monoclonal antibodies = "mab"
- Therapeutic Use = (T.U)
- * Immunomodulators (regulate or modify the immune system by inducing,enhacing or suppressing the immune system.)
Histamine Receptors Antagonist =
Are used for anti-hyperacidity (increase of acidity in the stomach)
Proton Pump Inhibitor = "prazole"
used for Anit-hyperacidty
Coagulation modifier =
The use is for Anticoagulant (stopd blood from clotting)
Drug group = Corrticosteriod
T.U. = Anti-inflammatory (used to reduce imflammation)
Suffix = isone
drug group = Antimicrobbial
T.U. = Antiviral (drugs effective against virus)
SUFFIX = ovir
Drug group = Anaesthesia
T.U. = Local Anaesthetic (a substance that reduces the sensitivity to pain)
Drug group - Azole
T.U. = Anti fungal agent (fights fungas)
SUFFIX = azole
Drug group = ACE antagonist
T.U. = Anti-hypertensive (reduces high blood pressure)
SUFFIX = sartan
Drug group = Dihydropyridine
T.U. = Calcium channel blocker
suffix = dipine
Drug - Morphine
T.U. = Analgesics (to relieve pain)
Pharmacologic class = Opioides (chemical the reduces pain signals sent to the brain)
- * Body system this drug works in is:
Drug Name: Aspirin
T.U. = Analgesic (acting to relieve pain) / Anti-pyretic (against fever) / Anti-inflammatory (against redness, swollen, hot)
Pharmacologic class = non-opiod (meds that DON NOT contain opiods), non-steriod anti-inflammatory(NSAIDS)
* Body system this drug works in is = CNS
Drug name: Librium - trade name for CHLORDIAZEPOXIDE
Valium - trade name for diazepam
T.U. = Anxiolytic, (to reduce anxiety) to sedate / hypnotics (sleep inducing drug)
Pharmacological class = benzodiazepine (organic compound used as a tranquillizer)
* Body system is CNS
a synthetic drug used as a tranquilizer, sedative, and antiemetic.
What is Risperidone?
Risperidone is an atypical antipsychotic drug which is mainly used to treat schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, the mixed and manic states associated with bipolar disorder. (works in CNS)
Trade name: Phenytoin
Proto-type name: Dilantin
- Is an anti-seizure medication (anticonvulsant) used for preventing or treating generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures, complex partial seizures (psychomotor seizures), and seizures occurring during or after neurosurgery.
Trade name = not given in handout
Proto type name = Imipramine
is an antidepressant medication prescribed for the treatment of chronic pain, depression, and bedwetting
Trade name: Lithobid
Proto type name: Lithium
Used for the treatment of manic/depressive (bipolar) and depressive disorders
* Mood stabilizing agent
Proto type name: Levodopa or Carbidopa
Trade (store) name: Parcopa, Sinemet
- Is a medicine used to control symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
- It helps reduce tremor, stiffness, and slowness and helps improve muscle control, balance, and walking.
Proto type name: Dextroamphetamine
Trade (store) name: ?
is used for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
Amphetamines stimulate the brain by increasing the level of neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain.
Proto type name: Methylphenidate
Trade (store) name: Ritalin
Is used to improve mental activity in attention deficit disorder and other conditions. (Brain stimulant)