ap world chapter 30 vocab
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ap world chapter 30 vocab
Fascist party of Adolf Hitler in Germany.
National Socialist (Nazi) Party:
Fast-moving “lightning war” used by Germany to invade its neighbors in World War II.
Inspirational leader of Britain in World War II.
Failed German attempt to bomb Britain into submission in World War II. British grit and technology outlasted Hitler.
Battle of Britain:
Name given to the genocide of as many as 12 million people by the Nazi regime; 6 million of these were Jews. The Holocaust was notable for its especially brutal, systematic, and premeditated nature.
Last German offensive on the Western Front in World War II. Its failure hastened German defeat.
Battle of the Bulge:
American outpost in Hawaii that was surprise-attacked by the Japanese; triggered the official U.S. involvement in World War II.
: Turning points of the Pacific theater in World War II. Japanese advances halted after these battles.
Battle of the Coral Sea; Midway Island
Successor to the League of Nations, thisU.S.-backed international organization hadmore success in all ways than its predecessor
: Allied war conference where later Cold War tensions first appeared.
: Most significant of the Allied war conferences; divided post-Nazi Europe and set the stage for Soviet-U.S. tensions for the next 45 years.
Final Allied war conference in which the Soviet Union pledged to enter the war against Japan.
Concept in warfare inwhich all the industrial and civilian might of a nation is linked to strategy and tactics on the battlefield.
Alliance between the U.S. and Britain in 1941 that pledged mutual defense and the “right of all people to choose the form of government under which they live.”
: Mass civil disobedience campaigns in India against British rule in 1942.
Quit India Movement
Supported the partitioning of India into secular and Muslim states. The result of this political group’s goal was the creation of Pakistan.
Leader of the Muslim League and first president of Pakistan.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah:
Founded by Nkrumah in Ghana to support independence from Britain. He organized mass rallies, strikes, and boycotts.
Convention Peoples Party (CPP):
Leader of independence movement in Kenya; supported nonviolent protest.
Jomo Kenyatta; Kenya African Union:
More radical independence group in Kenya that conducted terrorism and guerilla warfare against the colonizers.
Land Freedom Army:
Reactionary settler military group that directed its aim at Arabs and Berbers in Algeria.
Secret Army Organization:
Majority party in the all-white South African legislature, it won complete independence from Britain and maintained minority domination over the black majority.
Afrikaner National Party:
Rigid system of racial segregation in SouthAfrica; established after 1948 and lastinguntil majority rule began there in the 1990s.
Zionist military force that spearheaded Jewishresistance to the British presence in Palestine
French collaborationist government established in 1940 in southern France following defeat of French armies by the Germans.
Term for Hitler’s attempted genocide of European Jews during World War II; resulted in the deaths of 6 million Jews.
Leading nationalist part in Kenya; adopted nonviolent approach to ending British control in the 1950s.
Kenya African Union (KAU):
Radical nationalist movement in Algeria; launched sustained guerilla war against France in the 1950s; success led to independence of Algeria in 1958.
National Liberation Front (FLN):