Public speaking

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Public speaking
2014-03-02 23:52:00

study for the first test
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  1. Stage Fright
    Anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience
  2. Adrenaline
    a hormone released into the bloodstream in responce to physical or mental stress
  3. positive nervousness
    controlled nervousness that helps energize a speaker for his or her presentation
  4. Visualization
    mental imaging in which a speaker vividly pictures himself giving a successful presentaion
  5. critical thinking
    focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the sounds of evidence, and the difference between fact and opinion
  6. Speaker
    The person who is presenting an oral message to a listener
  7. message
    whatever the speaker communicates to someone else
  8. Channel
    the means by which a message is communicated
  9. listener
    the person who receives the speaker message
  10. frame of reference
    the sum of a person knowledge
  11. Feedback
    the message, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to speaker
  12. interference
    anything that impedes the communication of the message
  13. situation
    the time and place in which speech communication occurs
  14. ethnocentrism
    the belief that one own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures
  15. ethic
    The branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs
  16. ethical decisions
    Sound ethical decisions involve weighing a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines
  17. Name-Calling
    the use of language to defame, demean, or degrade individuals or groups
  18. Bill Of Rights
    the first 10 amendments to the USA constitution
  19. Plagiarism
    presenting another person language or ideas as one own
  20. global plagiarism
    stealing the speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one own
  21. Patchwork plagiarism
    stealing ideas or language from two or three source and passing them off as one own
  22. incremental plagiarism
    failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people
  23. paraphrase
    to restate or summarize an authors ideas in ones own words
  24. Appreciative Listening
    Listening for the pleasure or enjoyment
  25. emphatic listening
    Listening to provide emotional support for a speaker
  26. comprehensive Listening
    Listening to understand the message of a speaker
  27. critical Listening
    Listening to evaluate a message for purpose of accepting or rejecting it
  28. Spare "brain time"
    the difference between the rate at which most people talk and the rate at which the brain can process language
  29. Active Listening
    giving undivided attention to a speaker in a genuine effort to understand the speaker point of view
  30. Key-Word outline
    an outline that briefly notes a speaker main points and supporting evidence in rough outline form
  31. ice breaker speech
    a speech early in the term designed to get students speaking in front of the class as soon as possible
  32. Introduction
    The opening to a speech
  33. body
    The main points to the speech
  34. Chronological order
    a method of speech organization in which the main points follow a time pattern
  35. topical order
    a method of speech organization in which the main points divide the topic into logical and consistent subtopics
  36. main points
    the major points developed in the body of a speech `
  37. transitions
    a word or phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another
  38. conculusion
    the final section of a speech
  39. Gestures
    Motion of a speaker hands and arms during a speech
  40. eye contact
    direct visual contact with the eyes of another person
  41. Topic
    The subject of a speech
  42. Brainstorming
    a method of generating ideas for a speech topic by free association of words and ideas
  43. General purpose
    the broad goal a speech
  44. specific Purpose
    a single infinitive phrase that states precisely what speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech
  45. Central Idea
    a one sentence statement that sums up or encapsulates the major ideas of a speech
  46. residual message
    what a speaker wants the audience to remember after is has forgotten everything else in a speech
  47. Catalogue
    a listing of all the books, periodical, and other resources owned by a library
  48. Call Number
    a number used in libraries to classify books and periodicals and to indicate where they can be found
  49. Reference work
    a work that synthesizes a large amount of related information for easy to access by researcher
  50. Abstract
    A summary of a magazine or journal article, written by someone other then the original author
  51. Academic database
    A database that catalogs articles from a scholarly journal
  52. Virtual libary
    a search engine that combines internet technology with traditional library methods of cataloging and assessing data
  53. Sponsoring Organization
    an organization that in the absence of clearly identified author, is responsible for the content of a document on the internet
  54. preliminary bibliography
    a list compiled early in the research process of work that looks as if they might contain helpful information about a speech topic
  55. preparation outline
    a detailed outline developed during the process of speech preparation that includes the title, specific purpose, central idea, intro, main points,conclusion
  56. visual framework
    the pattern of symbolization and indentation in a speech outline that shows the relationship among the speaker'd
  57. bibliography
    a list of all the sources used in a preparing a speech
  58. Speaking outline
    a brief outline used to jog a speaker memory during the presentation of a speech
  59. Delivery cues
    directions in a speaking outline to help a speaker remember how they want to deliver key parts of the speech
  60. graph
    A visual aid used to show statistical trends and patterns
  61. Chart
    A visual aid that summarizes a large block of information, usually in list form
  62. informative speech
    a speech designed to convey knowledge and understanding
  63. object
    anything that is visible, tangible, and stable form
  64. Process
    a systematic series of actions that leads to a specific result or product
  65. Event
    anything that happens or is regarded as happening
  66. Concept
    a belief, theory, idea, notion, principle, or the like
  67. Description
    A statement that depicts a person, event, idea, or the like with clarity and vividness
  68. comparison
    a statement of the similarities among 2 or more people, events, ideas.
  69. Contrast
    A statement of the difference among 2 or more people, events, ideas
  70. personalization
    to present one ideas in human terms that relate in some fashion to the experience of the audience
  71. Dyad
    A group of 2 people
  72. small group
    a collection of 3 to 12 ppl who assemble for a specific purpose
  73. problem solving small group
    a small group formed to solve a particular problem
  74. leadership
    the ability to influence group members so as to help achieve the goals of the group
  75. Implied leader
    A group member to whom other members defer because of there rank, expertise or other quality
  76. Emergent leader
    a group member who emerges as a leader during the groups deliberations
  77. Designated leader
    A person who is elected or appointed as leader when the group is formed
  78. procedural needs
    routine "housekeeping" actions necessary for the efficient conduct of business in a small group
  79. task needs
    Substantive actions necessary to help a small group complete its assigned task
  80. Maintenance needs
    Communicative actions necessary to maintain interpersonal relations in a small group.
  81. Hidden agenda
    a set of unstated individual goals that may conflict with the goals of the group as a whole
  82. Reflective thinking method
    a five step method for directing discussion in a problem solving small group
  83. question of policy
    a question about whether a specific course of action should or should not be taken
  84. criteria
    standards on which a judgement or decision can be based
  85. Brainstorming
    A method of generating ideas by free association of words and thoughts
  86. Consensus
    a group decisions that is acceptable to all members of the group
  87. oral reports
    a speech presenting the finding, conclusions, or decisions of a small group
  88. symposium
    a public presentation in which several people present prepared speeches on different aspects on the same topis
  89. panel discussions
    a structured conversation on a given topic among several people in front of an audience